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Magazines > Information Today > July/August 2016

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Information Today
Vol. 33 No. 6 — Jul/Aug 2016
Lightning Round - How Much Do You Know About Internet and Information Today History?
By Shirley Duglin Kennedy

Who, What, Where, WHEN?

In the heart of this summer or the depth of this winter, depending on your hemisphere, settle in and crank up your brain. Coffee anyone? Or maybe iced tea? It’s time for the lightning round of Internet Waves Jeopardy. Of course, you can cheat and peek at the answers, but as my mother (and maybe yours too) used to say, “You’re only cheating yourself.”

1. Year in which the number of text messages surpassed voice calls for the first time

2. Year in which the first spam email was sent

3. Year in which the first banner ad appeared on the internet (Bonus points if you know who the advertiser was)

4. Year in which the Google Chrome browser was released to the public

5. Year in which the first print newspaper established an online presence (Bonus points if you know which one)

6. Year in which Amazon opened for business

7. Year in which Netflix opened for business

8. Year in which first went online

9. Year in which the phrase “surfing the internet” was first used (Bonus points if you know who coined it)

10. Year in which Facebook was opened to the general public

11. Year in which Reed Elsevier purchased Mead Data and renamed it Lexis-Nexis

12. Year in which the first encyclopedia on CD-ROM made its debut (Bonus points if you know which one)

13. Year in which Ken Kister, a library science professor and encyclopedia and dictionary maven, said, “[C]omputers will not replace encyclopedias anytime soon.”

14. Year in which Kister said, “No consumer today in his right mind would buy a printed encyclopedia.’’

15. Year in which Wikipedia was launched

16. Year in which Pew Research Center launched its Internet & American Life Project

17. Year in which AOL began mailing out its soon-to-be ubiquitous startup discs

18. Year in which indicated that those free AOL discs had become “collectible”

19. Year in which the Dialog information system began operating

20. Year in which PubMed, the free public version of MEDLINE, first became available to general users

21. Year in which S.R. Ranganathan’s The Five Laws of Library Science was published

22. Year in which the first member of Congress launched a website (Bonus points if you know who)

23. Year in which the World Wide Web became publicly available

24. Year in which the MP3 format was created

25. Year in which a major author first self-published a book on the internet (Bonus points if you know who)

26. Year in which the first Computers in Libraries conference was held (Bonus points if you know the original name)

27. Year in which OCLC was founded

28. Year in which the first text message was sent

29. Year in which the first bookmobile went into service

30. Year in which the first library school was founded (Double bonus points if you know where and by whom)

31. Year in which that first library school was closed

32. Year in which the Internet Archive was founded

33. Year in which Google killed off its newspaper archiving project

34. Year in which Google killed off Google Reader

35. Year in which Google killed off Google Health

36. Year in which Google’s Librarian Central went out of existence, as its URL began “redirecting to the blogspot blog”

37. Year in which the first illegally downloaded song showed up on the internet (Bonus points if you know what it was)

38. Year in which the iTunes store opened

39. Year in which Sci-Hub—the so-called “Pirate Bay of the science world,” offering more than 48 million journal articles for free download—was established

40. Year in which Shirl Kennedy began writing the Internet Waves column for Information Today (Bonus points if you can identify IT’s previous Internet Waves columnist)

This article originally appeared as "Who, What, Where, WHEN? " in the July/August 2016 issue of Information Today.

Shirley Duglin Kennedy is the research editor for the Center for Deployment Psychology in North Bethesda, Md., and is editor of the blog FullTextReports. Send your comments about this article to