Online KMWorld CRM Media, LLC Streaming Media Inc Faulkner Speech Technology
Other ITI Websites
American Library Directory Boardwalk Empire Database Trends and Applications DestinationCRM Faulkner Information Services Fulltext Sources Online InfoToday Europe KMWorld Literary Market Place Plexus Publishing Smart Customer Service Speech Technology Streaming Media Streaming Media Europe Streaming Media Producer Unisphere Research

Magazines > Searcher > October 2003
Back Index Forward

Vol. 11 No. 9 — October 2003
Online Before the Internet, Parts 3 & 4:
Early Pioneers Tell Their Stories

by Susanne Bjørner Bjørner & Associates
& Stephanie C. Ardito Ardito Information & Research, Inc.

Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Part 4 Part 5
Part 6 Part 7 Part 8 Part 9 Home

"Online Before the Internet" continues a series of interviews with selected industry pioneers who were responsible for the first online wave. The October 2003 issue of Searcher printed excerpts from interviews with Dr. Carlos A. Cuadra, originator and champion of ORBIT Search Service (1972-1978), owned by System Development Corporation (SDC), and Dr. Roger K. Summit, who, at the aircraft manufacturer, Lockheed, in 1966 was responsible for designing and developing the interactive information retrieval system used as the basis for Dialog Information Services (established in 1972).

Dr. Cuadra and Dr. Summit spoke in separate interviews in California in April 2000.

The complete interviews are presented here.

Online Before the Internet, Part 3:
Carlos Cuadra
Driving Online Through Communication

Online Before the Internet, Part 4:
Roger Summit
Shaping the Online Industry

Susanne Bjørner is an independent consultant to publishers and authors and writes about the information professions and industry. Contact her at

Stephanie C. Ardito is the principal of Ardito Information & Research, Inc., a full-service information firm based in Wilmington, Delaware. Her e-mail address is

       Back to top