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NewsLink — Issue 68/June 2005
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Sponsor - Proquest 

ProQuest Builds 19th-Century Collection with Parly Papers

ProQuest, the largest provider of digital content from the 19th century, will digitize the full run of the British House of Commons Parliamentary Papers from 1801 to 1900 for release later this year. It will become part of ProQuest's continuing program to support 19th-century scholarship, joining the Nineteenth Century Short Title Catalogue (NSTC) and other new resources. Visit to learn more. 



Welcome to the June 2005 issue of NewsLink, Information Today, Inc.'s FREE
e-mail newsletter for library and information professionals.

May was a big month for us.  Three of our spring events, Enterprise Search Summit, WebSearch University, and Streaming Media East all kicked off on May 17 at the Hilton New York.  All three conferences enjoyed a significant increase in attendance, and many of the leading companies in the search and digital media industries exhibited for our attendees.  Thanks to everyone who helped to make these events a success.

Today is the first day of our Paris conferences, e-Collaboration in the Workplace and WebSearch Academy.  IT professionals from all over the world are learning what it takes to increase the information ROI within their organizations.  For those of us who cannot be there, the conference Web site ( has information including the event programs.
The Special Libraries Association 2005 Annual Conference begins on June 5th. As many of you know, ITI will be there.  In fact, we have dispatched our team of bloggers to cover the event.  Beginning June 4, Marydee Ojala, editor of ONLINE Magazine, Paula Hane, ITI's News Bureau Chief, and Donald Hawkins, columnist for Information Today will be blogging the latest show news and behind-the-scenes happenings from Toronto.  Hear from them at

If you have any comments or suggestions on any special content you would like to see covered or on how to improve this newsletter and the information held in it, please let us know at

Best Wishes,
Tom Hogan, Jr.


Do you think the Google Print project of digitizing collections of leading research libraries will change the future of library services, possibly replacing brick-and-mortar libraries? Yes? No? Please comment at


Beyond Keyword Search

by Paula J. Hane

Two weeks ago, I was at the Enterprise Search Summit (ESS) in New York. Along with several hundred participants, I was immersed in discussions of findability, taxonomies, metadata, and contextual navigation. Since then, I’ve thought a lot about the roles of context and content classification (either pre-assigned or done on the fly) in the user’s ability to pinpoint needed information. We’re starting to see some interesting applications that are taking search beyond the realm of keyword searching emerge. And, this is happening in both enterprise search solutions and in Web search engines. 

A number of the speakers at ESS stated that search needs to be more than a box into which the user types words. It’s abundantly clear that users struggle with formulating queries, and studies show that most users (except information professionals, of course) don’t take advantage of the advanced search features offered by search engines. So, the technology needs to guide users down the right path.

Web search is beginning to explore ways to provide context or classification options that can aid a user’s quest for answers. Just last week, Ask Jeeves introduced Zoom, its next-generation concept navigation tool that offers users suggestions to narrow and refine a search ("zooming in") or expand a search ("zooming out"). It can also identify specific names related to a search. Zoom uses the clustering ability of the company’s Teoma search technology, which breaks the Web into naturally occurring topic communities. Once users are guided to the right topical community, precision increases dramatically. Users can also benefit from seeing relationships and exploring related topics.

Other search engines offer clustering of search results—users can choose a folder or subset of information as a way to narrow the laundry list of results. Vivisimo offers this in its enterprise search tools as well as its Web search service. Vivisimo does on-the-fly categorization and says its folders present the information landscape. Moving among folders provides an easy way for users to navigate. The Northern Light search engine has provided a similar folder approach to search results for years. 

Some of the new visualization technologies provide a graphical way to work with results. Groxis, Inc., a small company that pioneered visualization software, recently teamed up with Yahoo! to offer a free, Web-based, ad-supported version of its search technology (see the NewsBreak at Grokker organizes and provides a visual map of search results, making it easy to discover, explore, and organize the information. The maps use size, shape, color, and order to present information in a dynamic contextual setting. 

Another contextual navigation approach to finding relevant information can be seen at some of the e-commerce sites that let users pick from menus to narrow a search. As industry expert Stephen Arnold explained at ESS, the basic principle is "Don’t type, pick." 

A site like is a good example of this, as shown at ESS by consultant Tom Reamy. A user shopping for a bottle of wine chooses from menus with attributes that are important, such as type (white, red, bubbly), region (California, Australia, France), price ($25 and below, $25-$50), and even special options like "top-rated" (wines under $20) or "top sellers." Another example is an e-commerce site like The menus of choices make it easy to zero in on the attributes of importance, such as color, size, price, or brand.

These attributes or metadata are also known as "facets." These sites are using what is known as "faceted navigation"—a topic I heard quite a bit about at ESS. Mike Moran, a speaker from IBM, talked about how the company is using the multifaceted search capabilities of Endeca to power Users shopping for a notebook computer are shown facets to narrow their choices. Offering the new search technology has significantly increased the success rate of users finding what they want on the site and, more importantly, increased actual purchases. The company is also using faceted navigation for content drilldown for documents and expects to use it for additional applications. 

Reamy also mentioned the Flamenco search project of Marti Hearst of the School of Information Management and Systems at UC Berkeley ( Flamenco stands for FLexible information Access using MEtadata in Novel COmbinations. According to information on the site: "The interface uses hierarchical faceted metadata in a manner that allows users to both refine and expand the current query, while maintaining a consistent representation of the collection’s structure. This use of metadata is integrated with free-text search, allowing the user to follow links, then add search terms, then follow more links, without interrupting the interaction flow." One prototype project provides access to a large collection of architecture images from the UC Berkeley Architecture Visual Resources Library. Facets include periods, concepts, locations, materials, styles, etc. 

The ultimate goal of all these approaches is to help users navigate through massive amounts of information without feeling lost or frustrated. And, with innovations from researchers like Hearst and from companies like Endeca, Siderean, Inxight, Verity, and others, we can look forward to great advances in findability

Paula J. Hane is Information Today, Inc.’s news bureau chief and editor of NewsBreaks. Her e-mail address is


For a complete listing of previous NewsBreaks visit the Information Today, Inc. Web site at

NewsBreaks for Monday, May 31, 2005

Ask Jeeves Hopes to Zoom Ahead of Competitors 
by Paula J. Hane

The top Web search engines keep rolling out new features and options designed to attract and retain searchers. Many have introduced new personalization and local search options, smart/direct search responses (weather, movie times, airline flight information, etc.), and other bells and whistles. But Ask Jeeves, usually seen as an also-ran to Google and Yahoo!, has just introduced some core search innovations that it says will significantly improve the relevance and speed of users' searches. The two new search products on Ask Jeeves ( are Zoom, a next-generation related-search tool that gives users suggestions to narrow or expand their searches, and Web Answers, which provides direct answers harvested in real time from the Web pages in the Ask Jeeves index. With the backing of its new parent (IAC/InterActiveCorp) and its differentiated technologies (including natural language processing and the Teoma search engine), Ask Jeeves says it's ready to take on the competition. 


Google Library Project Hit by Copyright Challenge from University Presses 
by Barbara Quint 

Some might say it had to happen. Extending the Google Print program to the digitization of five of the world's largest university research libraries, including copyrighted as well as non-copyrighted material, would inevitably seem to lead to a challenge of copyright violation. Oddly enough, the challenge has come from the less commercial publishers—the nonprofit university presses. On May 20, Peter Givler, executive director of the Association of American University Presses (AAUP;, an organization with 125 member publishers, sent a letter to Alexander Macgillivray, Google's house counsel for intellectual property. The letter challenged Google to defend its position on what would appear on the surface as a massive copyright violation and infringement on publishers' rights and revenues.  However, in researching this story, the issue of author copyrights has emerged as a possible major factor. 


If SLA Is in Toronto, Can the Bloggers Be Far Behind?
by Marydee Ojala 

This year, SLA (Special Libraries Association) heads to Toronto, Canada, for its annual conference—and several Information Today, Inc. editors and writers will be there, ready to enjoy the city and blog the conference for the second year in a row. The official dates are June 5-8, 2005, but the Board of Directors holds meetings both before and after the main conference and tours are available on June 9.  The Live from Toronto blog ( will cover as many aspects of the conference as the blogger  can handle, including association business meetings, conference sessions, the exhibit floor, and social events. Plus, we'll have backup from some editors not in Canada. 


NewsBreaks Weekly News Digest

OCLC Improves Digital Collection Management Software 
OCLC announced the latest release of CONTENTdm, its digital collection management software for libraries and other cultural heritage institutions. The new version, to be released in June, was developed in close consultation with CONTENTdm user groups and features increased security and other enhancements. 

Library of Congress Joins Internet2 
The Library of Congress (LC; has become a member of Internet2 ( and will connect to Internet2's high-performance Abilene Network.  Led by more than 200 U.S. universities working with industry and government, Internet2 develops and deploys advanced network applications and technologies for research and higher education. According to the announcement, the LC plans to collaborate with the Internet2 community and leverage its advanced network infrastructure to facilitate wide-scale digital preservation projects, to enhance the development of an Internet-based database of U.S. newspapers, and to assist with its educational outreach programs.

Microsoft Introduces MSN Desktop Search 
Microsoft introduced the final version of its MSN Search Toolbar with Windows Desktop Search, a suite of tools that helps people rapidly search across the Web or their PC and provides easy access to MSN services. The new version supports more file types and offers additional privacy and customization. 


For full-text coverage of the following articles please use the hotlinks provided. 

No Phishing Allowed
By Phillip Britt 

What’s one of the biggest challenges in protecting customer information today? According to security experts, it’s the expanding knowledge of criminals who are trying to get information. A few years ago, a company’s biggest worry was a hacker trying to crack into its systems. Today, the biggest threats for companies and consumers are the new crimes with funny-looking names: phishing, pharming, and spim.

ONLINE Magazine
Searching Books Between the Covers
By Greg R. Notess

To find information inside a printed book, people traditionally rely on an index or, for a few works, a concordance. With the advent of e-books, however, people could search the entire text, assuming they bought the e-book. Although a growing number of copyright-free books are now on the Web, those still under copyright remained unsearchable—until now.

Anonymous Library Cards Allow You to Wonder, 'Who Was That Masked Patron?'
By Ben Ostrowsky 

Collecting personal identity information about customers is a dangerous activity for a library. We should be careful to engage in it only when absolutely necessary. Until now, proof of identity has always been an essential form of collateral to protect a library and its possessions. But soon libraries will be able to protect themselves from many legal snafus by opting to let patrons remain anonymous. How? You have to realize that personal information is not the only form of collateral—you can use cash instead. For instance, did you know that you can rent an audio book at any Cracker Barrel restaurant without showing identification? Just pay the price of the audiobook with cash, listen to it, and then return it with a receipt. They'll give your deposit back in cash, minus the rental fee. We librarians can improve on this service model by eliminating the rental fee.

Is Management Consulting for You? Part Four?Practitioners Call the Shots
By Ulla de Stricker and Annie Joan Olesen

We conducted an informal study among information consultants on what makes this field a happy, productive career choice. In particular, we focused on the relationships between information consultants and their clients.  Among information consultants, conversations about "what makes us successful" are frequent, and it seems we share a set of approaches and behaviors that contribute to a productive relationship with appreciative clients. But what are the key elements that make for a business relationship in which we, the consultants, take satisfaction in a professional job well done and they, our clients, feel they receive true value for money?

A.I. vs. the Pen: Cutting-Edge Tools for Teaching Writing
By Charles G. Doe
Advances in technology—including artificial intelligence (AI), as well as computer- and Web-based technologies—have led to the development of exciting instructional and testing applications for teaching writing. Many new capabilities are appearing, yet most are just enhancements or improvements to processes and methods that have been around for a while. Equipment such as wireless classroom setups and hand-held devices offer exciting possibilities, but some of the radical changes in writing instruction are stemming from the development and relatively widespread use of computerized essay correction technology.

Search Tools Converge on the Desktop
By Ron Miller 

It was not that long ago when PC users were pleading for decent consumer desktop search tools—software that provides a way to search your hard drive the same way you do the Internet. But with the exception of a few companies, nobody seemed to be heeding the call, not even the big names in Internet search: Google, MSN, and Yahoo!. Then suddenly last summer, that all changed, starting with Copernic’s release of a free desktop search tool. By the end of last year in flurry of releases, the big three followed with branded offerings. Others, including AOL and Ask, released tools as well. Some developed their own, while others purchased a solution or licensed one from another vendor. But in the course of a few months, we went from a sparsely populated desktop search marketplace to one crowded with solutions. 

Is Technology Stressing You Out?  Here Are Some Ways to Regain Control
By Reid Goldsborough

Fully one-third of us don't deal with technology well, according to the research of psychology professor, author, and pundit Larry Rosen. He is the Paul Revere of the Information Age, warning us about the principal downside of silicon and software, which you or I just might experience one of these days. In a word, he says, it's "technostress."


Get the latest event information available for the library and information fields in the Conference Connection. The Conference Report/Update gives you an inside look at the most recent information industry events, while the Conference Calendar is updated monthly to provide you with important contact information for up-and-coming industry events. 


Live from Toronto: Information Today's SLA 2005 Blog 
The Information Today blogging team is gearing up for the annual SLA conference, which this year is in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.  The exhibit hall opens on Sunday afternoon, June 5, but business meetings and continuing education sessions will be going on before that.  Go to for complete coverage of this year's SLA conference.  Among ITI's bloggers will be editor of ONLINE Magazine Marydee Ojala, ITI News Bureau Chief Paula Hane, and Information Today columnist Donald Hawkins.  Join us for the latest conference news and behind-the-scenes buzz with coverage starting June 4th!

WebSearch University Opens in Arlington, Va.
WebSearch University returns again this fall!  Mark these dates on your calendar: Sept.19-20 for the next WebSearch University.  The curriculum for WebSearch University is refreshed every year, reflecting the rapid changes in search engines, search technology, and available resources. The speed of change in Web search challenges even the best searchers to go back to school at WebSearch University.  This fall's conference will be held at the Crystal City Marriott in Arlington, Va.  Check frequently for updated program and registration details. 


June 2005

June 1-2 COLLABORATION IN THE E-WORKPLACE: Strategies, Technologies, People & Culture CNIT, Paris—La Défense, France 

June 1-2 WEBSEARCH ACADEMY: Mastering Internet Research CNIT, Paris—La Défense, France

June 3-5 BOOK EXPO AMERICA, New York, NY
Contact: Reed Exhibitions 383 Main Avenue Norwalk, CT 06851; Phone: 231/932-0475; Fax: 231/932-0477; E-mail:; Web:

Contact: Special Libraries Association, 1700 18th St., NW, Washington, DC, 20009; Phone: 202/234-4700; Fax: 202/265-9317; E-mail:; Web:

Contact: American Library Association, 50 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL, 60611; Phone: 800/545-2433; Fax: 312/440-9374; Web:

Contact: National Educational Computing Association; Phone: 800/280-6218; Fax: 541/346-3345; Web:

For the complete Conference Calendar visit



Yahoo! to the Max: An Extreme Searcher Guide
By Randolph Hock

"A comprehensive and readable guide to Yahoo! by one of the world's savviest online searchers."— Chris Sherman, Associate Editor, Search Engine Watch, and author, Google Power

With its many and diverse features, it's not easy for any individual to keep up with all that Yahoo! has to offer. Fortunately, Randolph (Ran) Hock has created a reader-friendly guide to his favorite Yahoo! tools for online research, communication, investment, e-commerce, and a range of other useful activities. In Yahoo! to the Max, Ran provides background, content knowledge, techniques, and tips designed to help Web users take advantage of many of Yahoo!'s most valuable offerings - from its portal features, to Yahoo! Groups, to unique tools some users have yet to discover. Of course, Yahoo! is not going to sit still, and neither is Ran Hock: As with all Extreme Searcher guides, the author's regularly updated Web page helps readers stay current on the new and improved Yahoo! features he recommends.

"We review many new publications, good and not so good, but we know straight away that if it's a Ran Hock title then it's going to be great." — William Hann, Managing Editor, FreePint

June 2005/272 pp/softbound
ISBND: 0-910965-69-2
Regular price: $24.95 

To purchase this title, please go to

If you like NewsLink, check out Information Today, Inc.'s other weekly eNewsletters: 

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 Sponsor - Proquest 


ProQuest Builds 19th-Century Collection with Parly Papers

ProQuest, the largest provider of digital content from the 19th century, will digitize the full run of the British House of Commons Parliamentary Papers from 1801 to 1900 for release later this year. It will become part of ProQuest's continuing program to support 19th-century scholarship, joining the Nineteenth Century Short Title Catalogue (NSTC) and other new resources. Visit to learn more. 

©2005 Information Today, Inc. all rights reserved.

This newsletter is published by Information Today, Inc.
Editor in Chief: Tom Hogan, Jr.
Managing Editor: David G. White
143 Old Marlton Pike
Medford, NJ 08055
Phone: (609) 654-6266 Fax: (609) 654-4309
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