Super Searchers Go to SchoolSuper Searchers Go to School:
Sharing Online Strategies with K-12 Students, Teachers, and Librarians

By Joyce Kasman Valenza
Edited by Reva Basch

Search Tools (Free Web)

1. A9 —
Combines results from Google, Amazon’s Search Inside the Book, reference results from GuruNet, movies results from IMDB, and more in a multiple column interface.

2. —
Subject-based search tool featuring nearly 500 expert human guides, who create original content and gather links in their areas of specialty.

3. AltaVista —
One of the leading general purpose search engines, featuring the Babel Fish translation service.

4. AskJeeves —
Natural language and question-answering search tool now incorporating Teoma’s search technology.

5. AskJeeves for Kids —
Children’s natural language and question-answering search tool. When Jeeves doesn’t know the answer, it metasearches selected age-appropriate tools.

6. Bloglines
Comprehensive tool for searching, publishing, and sharing news feeds, blogs, and Web content.

7. Ditto
Visual search engine that displays thumbnail results.

8. Dogpile
Popular metasearch engine.

9. Eurekster
Search engine featuring personalized results determined by human networks, what “you and like-minded people think.”

10. Excite
Popular portal and longtime general purpose search engine.

11. Fact Monster
Reference resource for children featuring content from Information Please.

12. FindLaw
Well-respected search tool for legal resources.

13. Friendster
Popular online community and friend-finding tool based on interest profiles.

14. Froogle
Google’s product search service.

15. Google
Vastly popular search engine that incorporates link popularity in determining relevance.

16. Google Labs
Google’s beta test area for emerging search ideas and enhancements.

17. Groxis (Grokker)
Search engine that visually maps results into subject categories.

18. HomeworkSpot
Part of the StartSpot Network, a portal with rich student resources.

19. HotBot
Popular longtime general purpose search engine with extensive advanced search features.

20. Internet Detectives
Madison (WI) Metropolitan School District’s student-generated library of curriculum-relevant Web sites.

21. Internet Public Library
The first public library “by and for the Internet community” features a wealth of original content, pathfinders, reference tools, space for kids and teens, and much more.

22. KartOO
Multilanguage metasearch engine that displays results visually in maps, showing interconnections among keywords.

23. KidsClick!
Highly selective subject directory for elementary and middle school students, designed and maintained by librarians.

24. KillerInfo
Metasearch engine that searches the Web and its proprietary databases and clusters results in Search Results Guides.

25. Librarians’ Index to the Internet
A searchable, annotated subject directory with quality sites selected and evaluated by librarians. LII’s motto is “information you can trust.”

26. Meetup
Connects people in Meetup Groups to share causes or interests and meet regularly face-to-face.

27. Mooter
Search engine that clusters results by category.

28. Multnomah County Library Homework Center
Portland, Oregon–area public library’s collection of pathfinders designed around curricular needs.

29. netTrekker
Subscription-based search engine designed for school use.

30. Northern Light
Business-oriented search engine that pioneered clustering of results and offered both free and fee-based Web resources.

31. One Look
Offers an aggregated search through online dictionaries.

32. Open Directory Project
Largest human-edited subject directory on the Web, constructed and maintained by a global community of volunteer editors.

33. Scirus
Search tool for science-specific searching; includes both free and proprietary content.

34. Scout Report
Weekly news about Internet resources selected, researched, and annotated by professional librarians and subject matter experts.

35. TekMom
Mother-maintained subject directory and collection of children’s search tools.

36. Teoma
A general purpose search engine, now owned by AskJeeves, that includes a Refine feature and a Resources section of sites selected by experts and enthusiasts.

37. Topix
Comprehensive news portal featuring news from more than 7,000 sources.

38. Visual Thesaurus
Subscription reference tool that creates interactive maps around word meanings.

39. Vivisimo
Innovative clustering search engine.

40. WebBrain
Visual search engine that generates a dynamic image of results.

41. WebFeat
Federated search product that leads users to library catalogs and databases as well as the free Web.

42. WiseNut
General search engine that creates subject categories on the fly in its WiseGuides.

43. Yahoo!
Leading general interest search engine, subject directory, and portal.

44. Yahoo! Daily News
Customized and personalized news pages, as well as e-mail alerts.

45. Yahoo! Directory
One of the Web’s first comprehensive general subject directories.

46. Yahoo! Full Coverageü&cid4&in=top
Impressive indexing of top news stories from various sources in all areas.

47. Yahoo! News
Comprehensive collection of news from a variety of sources.

48. Yahoo! News RSS
Yahoo!’s free RSS newsfeed service.

49. Yahooligans!
Yahoo!’s popular subject directory for children.

Subscription Services

Individual social science databases—American History, American Geography, World History, World Geography, American Government, State Geography—with strong curricular relevance.

51. Access Pennsylvania POWER Library
A collection of full-text databases offered as a service of Pennsylvania’s public libraries, school libraries, and the Pennsylvania State Library.

52. Dialog
Pioneering fee-based online information retrieval service offers a collection of 600 specialized databases.

53. EBSCOhost
A rich suite of reference and periodical databases for K–12 users.

54. EBSCO Magazine Article Summaries
Indexing, abstracting, and full text from general and special interest magazines and some newspapers.

55. eLibrary
Full-text comprehensive database offering periodicals, images, radio and television transcripts, reference, audio-visual material, and more.

56. ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education, offers an archive of journal and nonjournal education literature.

57. Facts On File News Services
Full-text database of news, charts, images, and more, dating back to October 1940.

58. Gale Discovering Series
Full-text databases with strong curricular content designed for middle and high school students in the areas of literature, history, biographies, science, and social studies.

59. Gale InfoTrac Custom Newspapers, Custom Journals or
Gale’s custom collections of newspapers and journals allow libraries to select content to meet users’ needs.

60. Gale Kids InfoBits
Elementary reference and periodical content presented in a highly visual format.

61. Gale Literature Resource Center
Impressive source of full-text literary criticism and author biography.

62. Gale Opposing Viewpoints
Outstanding source of full-text material for hot issues research, the database includes viewpoint essays, journal articles, newspapers, primary sources, statistics, and selected Web sites.

63. Gale Science Resource Center
An in-depth, curriculum-oriented science database aimed at high school users.

64. LexisNexis
Major provider of online legal information (Lexis) and specialized databases for other professions, education, and general news and information (Nexis).

65. netLibrary
A major database source of full-text e-book content.

66. OCLC First Search
Seamless access to dozens of databases including the content of OCLC’s Electronic Collections Online.

67. ProQuest
Online information service offering access to thousands of current periodicals and newspapers and containing full-text articles from 1986 forward.

68. ProQuest Historical Newspapers
New York Times , Wall Street Journal, and Washington Post dating back to the 19 th century.

69. ProQuest Newsstand
Allows libraries to design custom databases from a digital newspaper archive, selecting from hundreds of dailies, including state, regional, national, and international titles.

70. Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature
H.W. Wilson’s online and print indexing, abstracting, and full-text general interest magazine service.

71. Roth LitFinder: Poem Finder, Story Finder, Essay Finder
Index and access to full-text literature, explanations, images, and author biographies.

72. SIRS Knowledge Source
Suite of highly selective full-text databases tied to curriculum. Includes Renaissance (humanities), Government Reporter, Leading Issues, and the general-interest SIRS Researcher.

73. Wilson Omnifile Full Text Select
A multidisciplinary database of full-text periodical articles from more than 1,600 titles.

74. World Book Online Reference Center
Online version of the popular encyclopedia.


75. AASL (American Association of School Librarians)

76. ACRL (Association of College and Research Libraries)

77. American Dairy Association & Dairy Council Mid East

78. American Cancer Society

79. CSLA (California School Library Association)

80. ISLMA (Illinois School Library Media Association)

81. OELMA (Ohio Educational Library Media Association)

General Web Sites

82. Ad*Access
Duke University’s database of more than 7,000 advertisements printed in U.S. and Canadian newspapers and magazines between 1911 and 1955.

83. American Memory
Gateway to the rich primary source materials—more than 7 million digital items in more than 100 collections—held by the Library of Congress, relating to the history and culture of the United States.

84. American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera
A collection of more than 10,000 items including “proclamations, advertisements, blank forms, programs, election tickets, catalogs, clippings, timetables, and menus” from the American Revolution through the present day.

85. AOL Members / AOL Hometown
Free site hosting, journaling, and Web-design services provided by America Online.

86. Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow (ACOT)
Concluded in 1998, ACOT was a research and development collaboration among public schools, universities, research agencies, and Apple Computer, Inc.

87. Ask a Librarian
Online reference service provided by the Library of Congress.

88. Big6
Resource site for Eisenberg and Berkowitz’s widely popular information literacy model.

89. Blackboard
Web-based platform for online course management.

90. Cherished Keepsakes of 1904
A social studies WebQuest designed for grades four through six that engages students in creating historical scrapbooks.

91. Chico High School Library
Peter Milbury’s award-winning high school site.

92. Choose the Best Search for Your Information Need
Debbie Abilock’s useful chart guides searchers through their options.

93. Cohen, Laura: How to Choose a Search Engine or Directory
Detailed chart linking to a wealth of appropriate choices from the University of Albany.
This page is no longer available; please see:

94. Cohen, Laura: Second Generation Searching on the Web
Describes the innovative features of up-and-coming search tools (see “horizontal presentation of results”).
This page is no longer available; please see:

95. Cyberbee
Linda Joseph’s rich site devoted to the wise and ethical integration of technology into curriculum; includes articles, online activities, treasure hunts, tips, annotated links, and research ideas.

96. Cyberbee Copyright Tips
Linda Joseph’s resource site for better understanding of copyright issues.

97. Cyberbee Internet Safety Tips
Linda Joseph’s advice and Web resource list.

98. Dihydrogen Monoxide
Hoax site alerting us to the “controversy” surrounding the prevalent compound H 2O.

99. Discovering American Memory
Online workshop designed to introduce the American Memory collections through a series of activities for teachers and students. (See alsoAmerican Memory).

100. eBay
Hugely popular site for online shopping and bidding.

101. Eisenberg, Michael
Dean of University of Washington Information School and co-creator of the Big6 model (see separate reference for Big6) for information literacy.

102. ‑Fair Use Guidelines for Educational Multimedia
This 1996 document provides educators and students with guidance in the ethical development and use of multimedia and other new technologies for educational purposes.

103. Friendster
Network for connecting with old friends and finding new ones.

104. From Now On: The Research Cycle 2000
Jamie McKenzie’s online newsletter and rich article archive offer philosophy and practical tips for challenging student thinking and integrating thoughtful research into the curriculum.

105. Geocities
Free Web-hosting service and Web-design tools.

106. got books?
Reading promotion program designed by Deb Logan.

107. Government Printing Office
Search and ordering tool for the vast collection of publications of this U.S. federal agency.

108. Graphic Organizers
Portal for concept mapping tools and information relating to their use with students.

109. Henry Hikes to Fitchburg and Henry Builds a Cabin
Linda Joseph’s creative online activities based on the book Henry Hikes to Fitchburg by D.B. Johnson.

110. IBM Community Relations
A charitable arm of IBM, helping “people use information technology to improve the quality of life for themselves and others.”

111. ICONnect
This technology initiative of the American Association of School Librarians was designed to get students, library media specialists, and teachers connected to learning using the Internet.

112. ieSpell
Spell-checker for Internet Explorer.

113. IMSA (Illinois Math and Science Academy) Information Fluency Project Portal
The 21 st Century Information Fluency (21cif) Portal “provides news, information, tools, and standards-aligned instructional strategies for information literacy/fluency in K–16.”

114. IMSA Fund for the Advancement of Education
A not-for-profit corporation that accepts and distributes gifts and grants to support IMSA’s mission and work.

115. IMSA Information Literacy Project Tips
Tips for searching, evaluating, and integrating Internet content.

116. IMSA What is 21 st Century Information Fluency?
Description and three-dimensional model describing the components of digital information literacy.

117. Inspiration
Popular and powerful concept mapping software.

118. ISLMA Linking for Learning
Connects Illinois school library programs to information literacy and state standards.

119. Iwaynet
Internet access service serving central Ohio.

120. JAKE (Jointly Administered Knowledge Environment)
Open source software project designed to make it easier for researchers to manage and access online journals and journal articles.

121. KidsConnect
Part of the technology initiative of the American Association of School Librarians, KidsConnect (temporarily suspended at this time) was an online question answering service run by school librarian volunteers.

122. Lake Michigan Whale Watching
Hoax site “supporting” Lake Michigan whale and dolphin tourism.

123. Library of Congress Subject Headings/Authorities
Free service that allows library staff to browse and display authority headings for subject, name, title, and name/title combinations, and to download authority records in MARC format.

124. LM_NET on the Web
The home page for the highly active LM_NET discussion group open to school library media specialists worldwide, and to others involved with the school library media field.

125. LMC Source
Publisher of materials for library media specialists and distributor of Hi Willow Research and Publishing books.

126. LRS (Library Research Service)
LRS generates library statistics and research for library professionals, educators, and the media. The site contains Keith Curry Lance’s archive of research documenting relationships between school libraries and student achievement.

127. Lumpkin Foundation
Private foundation that provides grants to nonprofits.

128. Massachusetts Recommended PreK-12 Instructional Technology Standards
Massachusetts state technology standards document.

129. Mayo Clinic
A rich and reliable site for information on healthy living, diseases and conditions, health calculators, and decision guidance.

130. Mind Maps
Home page for Tony Buzan’s graphical concept mapping technique.

131. Muse: The Metasearch Company
Company creates customized federated search products for libraries.

132. National Geographic
Rich Web site of the National Geographic Society includes learning activities, access to magazine, television, and film resources and an online store.

133. National Zoo
Web site of the National Zoo in Washington, DC.

134. NETS for Students
ISTE’s (International Society for Technology in Education) National Educational Technology Standards for Students.

135. Netscape Composer
The popular browser’s free HTML editor.

136. NoodleTools (includes NoodleBib)
Debbie and Damon Abilock’s suite of interactive tools designed to aid students and professionals with online research. Includes tools for selecting a search engine, finding relevant sources, and citing sources in both MLA and APA style.

137. Occupational Outlook Handbook
Online version of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ survey of careers.

138. OCLC Environmental Scan: Pattern Recognition
Online report presenting “a high-level view of the information landscape, intended both to inform and stimulate discussion about future strategic directions.”

139. Ohio’s Guidelines for Effective School Library Media Programs
Ohio state standards document for library programs.

140. Ohio’s Technology Academic Content Standards
Ohio state technology standards.

141. Perry Network and the Center for the Study of Intellectual Development
Organization devoted to facilitating assessment, teaching, and learning related to William Perry’s scheme of intellectual and ethical development.

142. Pew Internet & American Life: Data Memo on Search Engines
Document examining the importance and popularity of search engines (Deborah Fallows, Lee Rainie, Graham Mudd).

143. Polk Brothers Foundation
Foundation devoted to offering grants to the low-income Chicago community.

144. Revolutionary Viewpoints
Engaging learning activities created by Linda Joseph to enrich students’ reading of Howard Fast’s April Morning.

145. San Jose State University School of Library and Information Science
Graduate program for library science.

146. SBC Foundation
The philanthropic arm of this Fortune 50 telecommunications company (formerly Ameritech) funds some educational programs.

147. School Library Impact Studies
Keith Curry Lance’s work. See alsoLRS.

148. Schrock, Kathy: Guide for Educators
Kathy maintains a major educational portal with her own original content, as well as a categorized list of sites, to support the curriculum and professional development.

149. Search Engine Math
Danny Sullivan’s basic search tips on how to use: +, –, “”.

150. Search Engine Watch
Comprehensive information about search engines—news, analysis, marketing, searching, submission, reviews, ratings, and more.

151. Sears Subject Headings
Ordering information for the basic list of subject headings long used by catalogers in small and medium-size libraries.

152. SEIR-TEC Internet Search Tool Quick Reference Guide
The SouthEast Initiatives Regional Technology in Education Consortium guide for determining which search engine to use and how to use it.

153. Simpson, Carol
Professor and copyright expert at University of North Texas School of Library and Information Science.

154. Smoking Gun
Site offers “exclusive documents—cool, confidential, quirky—that can’t be found elsewhere on the Web.” Gathers much of its material from government and law enforcement sources.

155. Springfield Township High School Library KidSearch
Leads elementary students to search tools on the free Web, online reference, and age-appropriate databases.

156. Springfield Township High School Library Pathfinders
Joyce Valenza’s guides for her students’ major projects.

157. Spybot
Computer security software.

158. Student Learning Through Ohio School Libraries: The Ohio Research Study
Offers empirical evidence related to how school libraries help students learn (Dr. Ross Todd and Dr. Carol Kuhlthau).

159. Tapped In
An online workplace developed to serve an international community of education professionals.

160. ThinkQuest
An international Web site–building competition, sponsored by the Oracle Education Foundation, that engages teams of students in creating and sharing educational sites.

161. U.S. Department of Education Fund for the Improvement of Education
This site describes the U.S. Department of Education’s support of “Programs of National Significance” and “grants to state and local education agencies, nonprofit organizations, for-profit organizations, and other public and private entities that have been identified by the Congress in appropriations legislation.”

162. W3 Consortium
Develops specifications, guidelines, software, and tools to optimize use of the Web.

163. Watch That Page
Service for automatically monitoring changes on selected Web pages.

164. WebQuest About Evaluating Web Sites
Joyce Valenza’s activity asks teams of students to rank sites by consensus according to selected criteria.

165. WebQuest Page
Bernie Dodge and Tom March’s model for inquiry-oriented activities in which most or all of the information used by learners is drawn from the Web.

166. Whodunit
Linda Joseph’s online learning activities relating to forensic science.


167. American Libraries
Magazine of the American Library Association (ALA).

168. Information Processing and Management
International journal devoted to research in information science, computer science, cognitive science, and related areas.

169. Information Searcher
Pam Berger’s newsletter is the “longest published newsletter in K–12 education designed specifically for professionals working to integrate technology into the curriculum.”

170. Knowledge Quest
Bimonthly publication of the American Association of School Librarians (AASL). KQ’s “articles address the integration of theory and practice in school librarianship and new developments.”

171. Library Media Connection
The Book Report and Library Talk are now both incorporated in Library Media Connection, published by Linworth Publications. LMC offers articles, technology coverage, reviews, and more for library media specialists. See LMC Source.

172. Media and Methods
Technology and education magazine useful for making purchasing decisions.

173. Multimedia & Internet @ Schools
A source of practical information for school librarians, technology specialists, and teachers on emerging education technology tools and their integration into curriculum (formerly Multimedia Schools).

174. Ohio Media Spectrum
State journal for OELMA members (see OELMA under Associations).

175. School Library Journal
Major resource for youth services librarians. Offers critical articles, archived reviews, and many special features.

176. School Library Media Research: Refereed Research Journal of the AASL
An official research journal of the American Association of School Librarians (AASL); successor to School Library Media Quarterly Online.

177. Science Magazine
Web-based home of Science, the global weekly of research.

178. Science News
Weekly science newsmagazine covering the most important research in all fields of science in concise articles.

179. Teacher Librarian
Magazine for library professionals working with children and young adults, offers “articles exploring current issues such as collaboration, leadership, technology, advocacy, information literacy, and management.”


180. Berger, Pam. Internet for Active Learners: Curriculum-Based Strategies for K–12. Chicago: ALA, 1998.
Effective Internet integration strategies for library media specialists.

181. Berger, Pam. 21 st Century Strategies for Strengthening Your School Library Program. Bellevue, WA: Bureau of Educational Research, 2004. (Handbook and Audiotape)
Offers state-of-the-art “practical, ready-to-use ideas for making your library the heart of your school’s instructional program.”

182. Berger, Pam, and Susan Kinnell. CD-ROM in Schools: A Directory and Practical Handbook for Media Specialists. Wilton, CT: Eight Bit Books, 1994.
Describes and reviews 300 CD-ROM titles.

183. Calishain, Tara. Google Hacks: 100 Industrial-Strength Tips & Tools. Rael Dornfest, ed. Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly, 2003.
Tips and tricks for using Google in advanced, savvy ways.

184. Eisenberg, Michael B., and Robert E. Berkowitz. Information Problem-Solving: The Big6™ Skills Approach to Library & Information Skills Instruction. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1990.
An in-depth investigation of the Big6 model and ideas for implementation. Includes instructional units and lessons.

185. Haycock, Ken, Michele Dober, and Barbara Edwards. The Neal Schuman Authoritative Guide to Kids’ Search Engines, Subject Directories, and Portals. New York: Neal-Schuman, 2003.
Analyzes free search engines, directories, and portals for grades 4–9.

186. Information Power: Building Partnerships for Learning. Chicago: American Library Association, 1998.
AASL’s national standards document for school library media programs.

187. Krashen, Stephen D. The Power of Reading: Insights from the Research. 2 nd edition. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited, 2004.

Krashen’s research points to the effectiveness of free voluntary reading in increasing a child’s ability to read, write, spell, and comprehend.

188. LeMay, Laura, and Arman Danesh. Teach Yourself Web Publishing With HTML in a Week. 4 th edition. New York: Macmillan, 1997.
Teach Yourself More Web Publishing With HTML in a Week. Indianapolis: Sams, 1995.
Both titles were indispensable, practical guides for early Web developers.

189. Loertscher, David, and Blanche Woolls. Information Literacy: A Review of the Research: A Guide for Practitioners and Researchers. San Jose, CA: Hi Willow, 2001. Available through LMC Source.
Important compilation, synthesis, and analysis research critical to school librarians.

190. Logan, Debra Kay. Information Skills Toolkit: Collaborative Integrated Instruction for the Middle Grades. Worthington, OH: Linworth, 2000.
Detailed lessons, activity ideas, and assessments across the curriculum.

191. Logan, Debra Kay, and Cynthia Beueselink. K–12 Web Pages: Planning and Publishing Excellent School Web Sites. Worthington, OH: Linworth, 2002.
Practical ideas for beginning school Web developers.

192. Pappas, Marjorie L., and Ann E. Tepe. “Media, Visual, Technology and Information: A Comparison of Literacies.” Instructional Intervention for Information Use. Ed. by Daniel Callison, Joy H. McGregor, and Ruth V. Small. San Jose, CA: Hi Willow Research and Publishing, 1998. Available through LMC Source.
Pappas and Tepe explore information literacy in a broader sense.

193. Pappas, Marjorie L., and Ann E. Tepe. Pathways to Knowledge and Inquiry Learning. Greenwood Village: Libraries Unlimited, 2002.
Describes model for information literacy.

194. Perry, William G. Forms of Ethical and Intellectual Development in the College Years. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999.
Landmark book relating to student development research, based on Perry’s research with Harvard undergraduates over a 15-year period.

195. Schrock, Kathleen. Developing Web Pages for Educators. 2nd edition. Westminster, CA: Teacher Created Materials, 2003.
New edition takes teachers through developing a class Web page step-by-step.

196. Schrock, Kathleen. Evaluating Internet Web Sites: An Educator’s Guide. Manhattan, KS: The Master Teacher, 1997.
The 32-page booklet provides educators with the tools needed to learn how to effectively evaluate a Web site.

197. Schrock, Kathleen. Kathy Schrock’s Every Day of the School Series. Worthington, OH: Linworth, 2002-2004.
A series of books for educators that includes activities, tips, reproducibles, and much more.

198. Schrock, Kathleen. Kathy’s Slide Shows (CD-ROM).
Compiled from Kathy’s presentations, in both PowerPoint and PDF formats.

199. Schrock, Kathleen. Technology Connection: Building a Successful Library Media Program. Worthington, OH: Linworth, 2000.,
A compilation of useful technology articles from Linworth magazines.

200. Schrock, Kathleen, and Midge Frazel. Inquiring Educators Want to Know: TeacherQuests for Today’s Teachers. Worthington, OH: Linworth, 2000.,
Questions and answers, offered in a framework called a TeacherQuest, for concerns that administrators, teachers, library media specialists, students, school board members, parents, and community members have in relation to technology in the schools.

201. Stripling, Barbara K., and Judy M. Pitts. Brainstorms and Blueprints: Teaching Library Research as a Thinking Process. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited, 1988.
Classic work suggesting information literacy activities and theory for middle and high school.

202. Super Searchers series. Ed. Reva Basch. Information Today, Inc.
Each book in the series features interviews with 8–12 top online searchers in a specific discipline.

203. Valenza, Joyce Kasman. Power Research Tools. Chicago: ALA, 2002.
Organized into chapters relating to the information literacy standards, a collection of lessons, rubrics, graphic organizers, and curriculum designed to help students become more effective users of information.

204. Valenza, Joyce Kasman. Power Tools: 100+ Essential Forms and Presentations for Your School Library Information Program. Chicago: ALA, 1998. (out of print)
All the tools you need to organize, manage, teach, and collaborate as a teacher librarian.

205. Valenza, Joyce Kasman. Power Tools Recharged. Chicago: ALA, 2004.
Second edition of Power Tools, thoroughly revised to reflect changes in the information landscape.

Journal Articles and Papers

206. Ebersole, Samuel E. Adolescents’ Use of the World-Wide Web in Ten Public Schools: A Uses and Gratifications Approach.
Ebersole’s dissertation analyzes how public school students’ attitudes and opinions toward the Web affect their use of Web materials in the school setting.

207. Kuhlthau, Carol C. “Information Search Process.” SLMQ 18:1 (1998). School Library Media Research.
Summarizes five studies of students’ perspectives on information seeking in response to a research assignment.

208. Loertscher, David. “All that Glitters May Not Be Gold.” Emergency Librarian 24(2), 20–21, 23–25, 1996.
Argues that students need to spend a great deal of time consuming the information they find. Too many do not feel they should spend time consuming information—reading, viewing, listening, thinking—and instead rush toward product creation.

209. Stripling, Barbara K. “Fostering Literacy and Inquiry.” School Library Journal, 1 Sept. 2003, 49(9): S5.
Stripling outlines an information literacy process—connect, wonder, investigate, construct, express, reflect.

210. “Surfing made easy.” NEA Today, Dec 1995, 14(5): 25.
The National Education Association (NEA) newsletter article that “discovered” Kathy Schrock.

211. Whelan, Debra Lau. “13,000 Kids Can’t Be Wrong.” School Library Journal, 50:2 (Feb. 2004): 46–50.
Article reports on the Ohio study, Student Learning Through Ohio School Libraries, which revealed that an overwhelming number of students believe that school libraries help them become better learners.

Super Searchers Go to School
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Super Searchers Go to School:
Sharing Online Strategies with K-12 Students, Teachers, and Librarians
By Joyce Kasman Valenza

Edited by Reva Basch

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