organizations, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and governmental
agencies provide vast resources of environmental information,
documentation, publications, research, statistics, and databases.
most logical starting point is the United Nations Environmental
but you should also consult other agencies within the U.N. system
for data, reports, and other publications. Searching the U.N.
can get complicated. For example, do not confuse the United
Nations Environment Programme Web site [http://www.unep.org]
with that of UNEP Programmes in Geneva [http://www.unep.ch].
Web Site Locator for the United Nations System of
provides both an alphabetical and thematic index, plus a U.N.
System chart and, most importantly, links to U.N. information
centers. The following United Nations Web sites carry significant
sections devoted to environmental issues, with particular emphasis
on the long-term effects on poorer developing nations of ineffective
offers a database searchable by environmental issues (from
agriculture to toxic chemicals) and regions. Introduced in
1973 "as a means of coordinating and acting as a catalyst
for all environmental monitoring and assessment activities
throughout the entire U.N. system. The raison d'être
was and remains to provide "integrated" information gathered
from across the U.N. system relevant for policymaking by building
essential partnerships across the U.N. system with the scientific
community, governments, and NGOs."
- The UNEPChemicals
Web site [http://irptc.unep.ch]
"is the center for all chemicals-related activities of the
United Nations Environment Programme." Its goal "is to make
the world a safer place from toxic chemicals." It does this
"by helping governments take needed global actions for the
sound management of chemicals, by promoting the exchange of
information on chemicals, and by helping to build the capacities
of countries around the world to use chemicals safely."
- The navigation
bar on the left-hand side of the United Nations EconomicCommission
for Europe's home page [http://www.unece.org/]
links to a variety of departments, programs, Web pages, and
documents concerned with various aspects of the environment.
- The United
Nations Development Programme Environment and
details projects undertaken by the U.N. "in building national
capacity for environmentally sustainable development by promoting
global best practices and supporting strategic interventions."
These efforts include dealing with water contamination, land
degradation, air pollution, climate change, and clean, affordable
energy, in particular for the poorest of nations.
Nations Sustainable Development Web site [http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/index.html]
outlines the work of the Commission for Sustainable Development.
Small Islands and Forests are two of the Commission's targets.
is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally,
and locally by organizations of the United Nations System,
Governments, and Major Groups."
The World Bank
has an entire department devoted to the environment [http://www.worldbank.org/environment],
but other sections of the World Bank Web site also provide information
on environmental resources and publications. The environment
is one of the major sectors that demonstrate the Bank's efforts
to incorporate sustainability into its activities. The Bank's
new environment strategy and agenda appear on its Web page,
along with information about projects and publications. The
page links to the Bank's new Sustainable Development Web site
and an e-discussion of Poverty and Environment Linkages.
- The World
Bank Environmental Economics and Indicators Web
focuses on five major areas: Environmental Indicators, Green
Accounting, Environmental Valuation, Environmental Policy,
and Poverty and the Environment. Payments for ecological service.
New initiatives, publications, and related links make this
an informative and unique site. The Bank's Environmental
is available online (current issue plus an archive of back
issues). Published each fall, the year's featured article
is viewable in PDF format. You can add your name to the Environment
Department's mailing list to receive this (and other) departmental
- New Ideas
in Pollution Regulation [http://www.worldbank.org/nipr/index.htm]
is "a site for researchers, government officials, and citizens
interested in understanding and improving control of industrial
pollution, especially in developing countries." Both the navigation
on this site and the links provided to resources beyond the
World Bank's Economics of Industrial Pollution Control Research
Project are wonderful and unique. Take special note of NIPR
on the Net [http://www.worldbank.org/nipr/onthenet.htm],
which grants visitors access to the full text of such reports
as "Greening Industry" [http://worldbank.org/nipr/greening/full_text/index.htm]
and even the press conference and public seminar held in 1999
on the occasion of the report's release [http://www.worldbank.org/nipr/greening/webcast.htm].
Agencies on the Web [http://www.worldbank.org/nipr/epas/index.htm]
presents "highlights of materials available online from environmental
agencies around the world," from Australia to the U.K.
- The International
Finance Corporation (IFC) Environment and Social Development
provides "environmental and social review services for all
of IFC's investments, catalyze[s] projects with specific environmental
benefits, and provide[s] training services for IFC staff and
clients." The site contains both safeguard policies and guidelines
for IFC projects; a list of environmental projects underway,
including criteria for selection; publications; and related
links. The right-hand navigation bar gives viewers easy access
to new publications (including published guidelines on such
topics as hazardous materials management and healthcare facilities).
banks and geo-political alliances also deal with environmental
issues pertaining to their regions.
- The environment
is a major topic covered by the Asian Development Bank
and the site contains environment-related documents, such
as an Environmental Policy for the Bank [http://www.adb.org/Environment/envpol/default.asp].
Press releases on the site announce such activities as a new
Training Guide for Environmental Law Students in Asia and
Pacific and ADB Board of Directors Approves Recommendations
on Wastewater Management Project in Thailand.
- The African
Development BankWeb site [http://www.afdb.org]
does not contain the entire Policies and Procedures Environmental
Sector Policy Paper online, but you can obtain a copy
from the Webmaster.
- The Environmental
Impact Assessments published by the European Bank for
Reconstruction and Development are accessible online [http://www.ebrd.com/english/enviro/index.htm],
with some available in English translation.
- The Pacific
Basin Economic Conference [http://www.pbec.org/home/]
has a Working Committee on the Environment.
- The South
Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Web site [http://www.saarc-sec.org/]
features several reasonably priced publications concerning
the environment, including such titles as "Regional Study
on the Causes and Consequences of Natural Disasters and the
Protection and Preservation of the Environment" and "Regional
Study on the Greenhouse Effect and its Impact on the Region."
Papers on the Environment are available on the Asean
Web site [http://www.aseansec.org].
- G8 Global
Information Society ProjectTheme 6 Environment
and NaturalResources Management[http://www.g7.fed.us/enrm/]
"is one of 11 Global Information Society projects developed....
The long-term result of this effort would be a virtual library
of information on environment and natural resources management
held in globally distributed electronic sites and accessible
on emerging electronic networks." While never fully achieving
its stated goals, the site contains press releases, information
about three Working Groups (Meta information, Climate change,
and Biological diversity), links to preliminary and final
and a link to Global Environmental InformationLocator Service
- The OECD
"Environment Directorate Portal, found on the left-hand navigation
bar of the OECD home page [http://www.oecd.org],
provides governments with the analytical basis to develop
policies that are effective and economically efficient, including
through country performance reviews, data collection, policy
analysis, projections and modelling, and the development of
common approaches." Search the OECD Web site [http://www.oecd.org/search]
for all documents published within the Theme = Environment.
(When we last checked, there were 1,628 documents available
from the OECDEnvironment Directorate.) Key
Environmental Indicators and other statistical data related
to the environment can be found in the OECDStatistics
Portal, also located on the left-hand navigation bar of
the OECD home page [http://www.oecd.org].
- The European
"aims to support sustainable development and to help achieve
significant and measurable improvement in Europe's environment
through the provision of timely, targeted, relevant,and reliable
information to policy-making agents and the public." You can
use this well-organized site to find out about the environment
in European countries (reports, indicators, links, datasets,
Activities of the European Union Environment[http://www.europa.eu.int/pol/env/index_en.htm]has
a clean look and the feel of a quality site. It links to source
material on European environmental law, policy implementation,
and other types of information, including fact sheets, online
publications, and statistics.
- The European
Commission'sEnvironment Directorate-General Web
the Commission's Environmental Action Programme (to 2010).
The Programme's four priority areas are Climate Change, Nature
and Biodiversity, Environment and Health, and Natural Resources
- The Transboundary
Environmental Information Agency [http://teia.pu.ru/]
is a not-for-profit organization promoting environmental cooperation
among the Baltic States and Russia. Some publications are
available in English. Perhaps most important is the list of
links to environmental resources throughout the region.
Government Web Sites
government agencies may concentrate on individual countries,
but may also cover other countries within their region or those
with whom they have long-standing relationships. Natural
ResourcesResearch Information Pages include links
to government agencies by country [http://www4.ncsu.edu/~leung/agency.html].
The site also offers an extensive list of links to databases
and literature (guides and catalogs, online documents, bibliographies,
scientific journals, newsletters, libraries, publishers/bookstores),
as well as conferences and meetings (including mailing lists).
formerly located at http://www.erin.gov.au/index.html],
is an example of a government Web page providing access to
a nation's laws concerning the environment; "key activities,"
including Greenhouse Issues and State of the Environment;
and links to a variety of databases and publications available
on the site. Topics covered include Antarctica, Atmosphere,
Biodiversity, Coasts and Oceans, Industry, Inland Waters,
Land Management, and Meteorology.
- While Australia's
Environmental Portal grows [http://www.environment.gov.au],
users should also refer to Infoterra Australia's
Guide to Environmental Resources [http://www.ea.gov.au/sdd/library/infoterra/index.html].
Infoterra "provides a single access point for information
about Australian government environmental programs and services."
Topics covered include atmosphere, biodiversity, coasts and
oceans, environmental protection, heritage, inland waters,
and land. Besides the Infoterra database, the site's resources
include a library of directories, educational resources, government
publications, regulation, and reporting. For optimal results,
refer to the subject index (based on the Infoterra Thesaurus]
before executing a search on the site.
- The Environment
Canada Web site [http://www.ec.gc.ca],
referred to as the Green Lane [http://www.ec.gc.ca/envhome.html],
is the premier example of a comprehensive site devoted to
the environment: acts and regulations; conferences and events;
programs and services, including clean air, water, climate
change, environmental assessment and enforcement, chemical
safety, pollution, endangered species, etc.; and related links.
The Green Lane: Newsletters page [http://www.ec.gc.ca/news_e.html]
presents a list of 15 online Canadian newsletters (French
and English) covering a range of environmental issues.
- The Swedish
Environmental Protection Agency [http://www.internat.environ.se/index.php3]
"coordinates and promotes environmental work" on 15 environmental
quality objectives. Environmental issues covered on the site
(in English) include mercury; waste from electrical and electronic
equipment; IT and the environment; environmental monitoring
and planning; pollutants; greenhouse gases; acidification;
heavy metals; nitrogen oxides; persistent organic pollutants;
climate change; nature; and legislation/regulation. Links
to related sites Bridging theGap; EnviroReport(Swedish
facts and figures); and Swedenvironment (newsletter).
in Portugal: Resources in the Internet
provides not only links to Portuguese government sites concerning
the environment, but company directories.
- Search more
than 140,000 pages and nine databases or browse over 500 selected
Topic pages (air, water, noise, soil, waste, etc.) using theGerman
Environmental Information Network [http://www.gein.de/index_en.html].
- At first
glance, it's difficult to see the key figures available on
the environment in The Netherlands Environmental Statistics
Just toggle all the way down the home page to view "Net environmental
costs paid by industry" or "Annual waste generation."
of Lithuania [http://www.ktl.mii.lt/aa/index.html]
is an interesting set of Web pages in both Lithuanian and
English concentrating on environmental protection strategies.
Lithuania's Environment: Status, Processes, Trends
gives an unusual but educational presentation of information
resources available on the state of the environment in Lithuania.
- The United
Kingdom Environment Agency Web site [http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/]
"contains a wealth of environmental information, tools, resources
and features... regulating industry, maintaining flood defences
and water resources, and improving wildlife habitats" in England
and Wales. If you can't remember other department Web sites
covering environmental issues in the U.K., check the Open
For example, Britain's Environmental Facts and Figures
appear at http://www.open.gov.uk/doe/epsim/ems0010.htm.
Protection from the U.K. Department of Environment,
Food and Rural Affairs [http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/index.htm]
presents a list of broad topics covered within the site (from
air quality to water), plus an extensive list of narrower
topics (such as eco-labeling, environmental campaigns, Environment
Plus-CD) and external links.
of the Natural Environment Research Council, the Centre
for Ecology andHydrologyWeb site [http://www.nmw.ac.uk]
provides a short list of links to reports, data, and surveys.
- The Scottish
Environmental Protection Agency Web site [http://www.sepa.org.uk/]
provides easy access to environmental data, regulations, policies,
and publications. Remember, ".sc" is not used for Scottish
- Aside from
all the Environmental Protection Agency databases you
might wish to search [e.g., Envirofacts at http://www.epa.gov/enviro/index_java.html]
and the documents retrievable on the EPA site, browsing EPA
offers a great way to begin research concerning the environment
in the U.S. [For security reasons, the Environmental Protection
Agency has discontinued direct access to the Envirofacts databases
for the general public. Limited access remains possible at
- The National
Center for Environmental Economics [http://yosemite.epa.gov/ee/epa/eed.nsf/pages/homepage]
is an easy-to-navigate directory of reports, working papers,
and journal publications; conferences, seminars, and workshops;
analyses; and course materials.
To find an official
government server within a particular nation is not very difficult.
Many nations have established Web sites to serve as locators
for individual governmental departments and agencies, sometimes
referred to as a Government Information Locator Service (GILS).
For example, the U.S. has GPO Access Government
Information Locator Service [http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/gils/index.html],
an excellent starting point for finding government Web sites
and documents on specific topics related to environmental issues.
Other GPO Access sub-sites useful for identifying these
resources include Multi-Database Search [http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/multidb.html]
and the Catalog of U.S. Government Publications [http://www.access.gpo.gov/su_docs/locators/cgp/index.html].
offers an easy-to-use guide to search engines specifically designed
for government agencies, departments, and resources. For a list
of federal government offices concerned with the environment
and energy, take a look at The Blue Pages Environment
and Energy [http://www.usbluepages.gov/view_listings.cfm].
official servers to search for environmental agency Web pages
across country lines has proved more difficult, particularly
since Governments on the WWW [http://www.gksoft.com/govt/en/]
has not updated since 2000. Remarkably, many of the links are
still valid (or automatically redirect visitors to new sites).
The site remains a convenient way of linking to official government
Web sites when you need to cover several countries at once.
The European Environmental Law Homepage [http://www.eel.nl]
is an excellent link, not only to environmental laws for 23
countries, but also to official government servers and individual
departments within these governments, including environmental
agencies. A separate section includes eight separate links to
environmental law resources for Central and Eastern Europe as
To locate official
U.S. state government servers in the United States, consult
State and LocalGovernment on the Net [http://www.piperinfo.com/state/index.cfm].
Easily navigated, the site lists the date of the last update
for each state clearly. The State Web Locator [http://www.infoctr.edu/swl/]
is also easy to use, but the choice of agencies listed within
some of the states is puzzling, given the absence of other,
seemingly more critical departments.
Williams Law Library at Georgetown University [http://www.ll.georgetown.edu/lr/lg/state.html]
provides an Alabama-Wyoming (plus U.S. Territories) list of
links to state government information and agency Web sites.
The Links to State Government Sites Web site [http://www.enr.state.nc.us/files/usa.htm]
could not be easier to use. Simply click on any state on the
map to go to the state's official Web site. Of course, the quality
varies from state to state, but most point directly to their
state agency/agencies associated with the environment. The U.S.
Environmental Protection AgencyState and Local Gateway:Environment/Energy
provides links to laws, regulations, reference materials, FAQs,
funding, tools, and "best practices."
To access a
directory containing links to state environmental and natural
resource regulatory agencies, use Capitol Reports/Environmental
If you feel
lucky, try using the URL [http://www.dep.state.XX.us],
where XX is the official two-letter postal code for the state
in question. Some states, such as New York, dub their agencies
Department of Environmental Conservation instead
of the Department of Environmental Protection
(e.g., Pennsylvania). Simply insert ".dec" in place of ".dep"
in the URL and see what happens.
You can search
for official statistics related to the environment around the
world using New Zealand's OFFSTATS database [http://www2.auckland.ac.nz/lbr//stats/offstats/OFFSTATSmain.htm].
A more limited set of resources can be searched for similar
statistical data on the International Business Resources
on the Web Resource Desk [http://globaledge.msu.edu/ibrd/busresmain.asp?ResourceCategoryID=10].
Search the Eurostat database for items related to environmental
(Simply click on Environment and Energy to view current
publications, print and electronic. The EU Environment Statistics
Pocketbook is an essential.)
governments sometimes provide access to government statistical
One can go to
government Web sites to locate environmental legislation. Search
the U.K. Parliament Pages [http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/cgi-bin/empower?DB=UKParl]
for the appropriate document by keyword, date, and document
type (including bills). Legislative actions of the U.S. Congress
and regulations (U.S. Environmental Protection AgencyLaws
and Regulations) are available online through the EPA's
Web site [http://www.epa.gov/epahome/rules.html],
40 CFR Compendium of U.S. EnvironmentalRegulations
and U.S. Federal Register [http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr].
However, legal issues related to the environment are covered
in a variety of types of resources and sites. Use a search engine
or directory or turn to several legal portals that can assist.
also features an extensive list of environmental law journals
can be particularly helpful.
has a section for World Environmental Law [http://www.hglawyers.com/environ.html]
and one devoted exclusively to the United States [http://www.hglawyers.com/envirus.html].
Environmental Law Center [http://www.megalaw.com/top/environmental.php3]
has a very straight-forward presentation of links to sites
and documents concerning Environmental Federal Statutes; Environmental
Topics (e.g., Air, Clean-up, Environmental Management, Pesticides,
Wastes, Water, etc.); Environmental Web Sites; Federal and
World Environmental Agencies; Emergency Response and Reporting;
Environmental Law Reviews and Journals; Environmental Organizations;
and Environmental Message Boards.
- The World
Legal Information Institute [http://www.worldlii.org/]includes
the WorldLaw Catalog and a Web-spider search facility
for sites listed in the catalog, covering law sites not on
WorldLII. To search for legal material not on WorldLII,
use World Law: A Global Catalogand Search Engine
for Law [http://www.austlii.edu.au/links/index.html].
A search by Subject = Environment[http://www.austlii.edu.au/links/317.html]
can further narrow by country or limit to commentary,courts/case
law, law journal articles, or legislation. Links to treaties
and international agreements, NGOs, research centers, and
other indexes are available. It has a special category for
"wildlife." In most cases, documents retrieved are searchable
As with any
search, understanding the scope, including the geographic region
covered by a resource's content, is critical. Sources such as
Kluwer'sInternationalEncyclopedia of Laws: Environmental
can provide an international perspective, but the number of
countries covered in this loose-leaf service is limited. Updated
only 4-6 times per year, with entire country sections replaced
by a revision, there is no way to know about minor changes
in environmental laws. (Better use of the Internet to provide
updates for the entire series should be considered.)
You can search
for European environmental treaties, legislation in force and
preparation, case law, Parliamentary questions, and "documents
for public interest" on EUR-Lex, the portal to European
Union law [http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/].
For a more direct, but unofficial route to the region's environmental
law, consult the European Environmental Law Homepage
The site provides a regional perspective regarding treaties,
legislation, case law, documents, and dossiers. Registered users
can subscribe to a free e-mail EEL News Service.
to the environment can be retrieved from many Web sites dealing
with international law.
Globelaw International and Transnational Law [http://www.globelaw.com]
does not update frequently, it still contains an extensive
set of valid links relating to global environmental law and
Treaties and Resource Indicators [http://sedac.ciesin.org/entri/]
provides a comprehensive service "for finding information
about environmental treaties and national resource indicators."
- The University
of Bologna's Faculty of Political Science has created
a Research Guide to International Law on the Internet that
includes the category EnvironmentalLaw [http://www.spfo.unibo.it/spolfo/ENVLAW.htm]
featuring an extensive list of links to international treaties
covering environmental law and other related Web sites.
- At the InfoTerra
node for Central and Eastern Europe, you can browse EU legislation
and search environmental mailing list archived discussions
on the CEDAR:Central European Data Request Facility
American Commission for Environmental Cooperation [http://www.cec.org/home/index.cfm?varlan=english]
was established to address regional environmental concerns,
complementing the environmental provisions of the North American
Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Programs and projects center around
four major initiatives: Environment, Economy, and Trade; Conservation
of Biodiversity; Pollutants and Health; Law and Policy. You
can download publications and search four databases Electricity
and Environment; Sustainable Tourism; Transboundary.
and Summary of Environmental Law in North America. Links to
related documents and sites are extensive and not restricted
to the region.
World Wide Web sites often also publish copies of laws that
affect their product/service/industry. For example, Pesticide.net
features full-text documents from the Federal Register,
regulations, EPA Pesticide Registration Notices, and an EPA
Label Review Manual.
around the world have developed sophisticated Web sites devoted
to researching specific law topics. Their coverage and scope
differ, as the following list highlights.
International Environmental Law Links [http://www.law.washington.edu/bodansky/asil/iel/web-resources.htm]
"is intended to make it easier for you to find materials on
international environmental law on the World Wide Web." In
addition to gateways and reference sites, treaties, international
organizations, NGOs, cases, datasets, and journals/newsletters,
it covers specific subjects such as climate change, ozone
of Dundee Department of Law's Legal Web Sites:Environmental
provides "a useful list of Internet links for students, academics
Information Institute Environmental Law's
Menu of Sources features links to federal, state, and international
- Search the
Legal Ethics Web site for "Topic = Environmental" [http://www.legalethics.com/intra.law?law=Environmental]
to view a comprehensive set of links covering environmental
law, legislation, rules, agencies, and international environmental
Law and Economics Working Papers can be searched online
Centre for Environmental Law [http://law.anu.edu.au/acel/]
highlights publications and faculty research.
- The University
of Western Australia's Faculties of Economics and Commerce,
Education and LawWeb site does not update frequently,
but the InternationalLaw Environment [http://www.law.ecel.uwa.edu.au/intlaw/environment.htm]
page contains an extensive array of links to sites concerned
with population; climate and weather; fauna, flora and biodiversity;
and non-governmental organizations.
Many law schools
publish quarterly law reviews on specific topics such as environmental
law (e.g., Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum or
Berkeley's Ecology Law Quarterly). For a convenient selection
by subject, try Legal Journals on the Web [http://www.usc.edu/dept/law-lib/legal/journals.html#subject].
For another way to search legal journals for articles or experts,
log on to the Social Science Research Network's [http://www.ssrn.com/update/lsn/index.html]
Legal Research Network [http://papers.ssrn.com].
Some of the
tools discussed elsewhere in this article (e.g., SOSIG) can
identify environmental law resources available on the Net, but
two services focus on legal resources. The Law Library Resource
Xchange provides "legal and library professionals with the
most up-to-date information on a wide range of Internet research
and technology-related issues, applications, resources, and
tools." On the subject of environmental law, try a quick check
of Zimmerman's Research Guide [http://www.llrx.com/guide].
The current edition of the LLRX Environmental Law Guide
can be reached directly at http://www.llrx.com/guide-gen/2/352.html.
features Internet Research Guides and Teaching Tools.
The site, sponsored by Ballard Spahr Andrews and Ingersoll,
LLP, was developed by Genie Tyburski in 1996 and continues to
be a major resource for the legal community and law librarians
in particular. TVCLegal Research Guide: Environmental
features annotated resources and links to databases available
from the EPA. (Sign up for an e-alert for notification of Environmental
Law page changes.) Links to other useful databases and federal
agencies round out the offering. If you toggle down, you will
see an annotated list of "Top Resources in Environmental Law."
Law school libraries
can prove of enormous assistance in terms of guiding visitors
to appropriate legal resources concerning the environment.
See Table 1,
"Selected Environmental Law Resources on the World Wide Web,"
on page 61 for more sites.
individual law firms with large environmental law practices.
To locate a specialist, search the Martindale-Hubble
Web site by Practice to locate law firms specializing in Environmental
Lewis and Bockius Environmental Law Information Resources
features an environmental law newsletter; environmental deskbooks;
and information about the Clean Air Act, Superfund, and RCRA.
- There used
to be an Environmental Law Newsletter available from
the Milbank, Tweed library [http://www.milbank.com/library/envnews.html].
Like many of its resources, the newsletter has not yet made
the transition to the new Knowledge Center. To identify resources
available here, you must search the database [http://www.milbank.com/knowledgecenter.html].
Fox'sPractice Area = Environmental [http://www.arentfox.com/quickGuide/businessLines/environ/environ.html]
includes occasional articles on environmental issues.
Lyde and Gilbert [http://www.blg.co.uk/publications/inhouse/default.asp]
publishes a quarterly, Pollution and Environmental RiskDigest
designed to "help clients keep abreast of changing legislation
and new areas of potential liability. The Digest covers both
U.K. and overseas news and provides a concise guide to developments
in this complex and rapidly expanding field of legal liability."
The current issue, plus archives, are accessible online.
with the Environment
As a source
of information and expert assistance, we need to distinguish
between organizations that issue policy papers dealing with
many social issues, including the environment, versus those
that might be considered "activist" on behalf of environmental
concerns. For instance, the Cato Institute issues policy
papers on many subjects, many made available in full text on
its Web site. The institute has an entire research area devoted
to Natural Resources andEnvironmental Studies [http://www.cato.org/research/natur-st.html],
with papers organized by topic (e.g., Risk Analysis and Management,
Global Warming and Ozone Depletion, Public Lands Management,
Hazardous and Toxic Waste, Air and Water Pollution, etc.).
devoted to environmental concerns can begin with Gale's Encyclopedia
ofAssociations, of course, but several sites on the Web
can also help. You can search the American Society of Association
Executive'sGateway toAssociations Online [http://info.asaenet.org/gateway/onlineassocslist.html],
which links to 72 associations under the subject category "environment."
The TechExpo Directory of Hi-Tech Organizations in the Engineering
and Medical/Life Sciences [http://www.techexpo.com/tech_soc.html]
may appear an odd choice, but its list of technical, engineering,
and science societies and organizations includes some excellent
environmental associations. Listings are by name of society
(A-Z), making life more difficult than need be; organization
by subject would be an improvement.
may have specific interest groups established to deal with environmental
issues. The American Bar Association [http://www.abanet.org]
has several sections publishing works and holding conferences
concerned with environmental law and litigation (e.g., Environment,
Energy, and Resources; Real Property, Probate and Trust Law;
Tort and Insurance Practice). Don't limit yourself to searching
for books published by the ABA. The Association's Continuing
Legal Education (CLE) materials, available in book and tape
format, include several resources covering environmental law.
with special groups devoted to environmental information can
be an excellent resource and referral. With the demise of the
Federation for Information andDocumentation (FID), we
can no longer rely on its international network of documentalists
belonging to the Environmental Information Special Interest
Group. Perhaps another organization, such as IFLA or ASLIB,
will fill the void created by the disbanding of this active
Library Association'sTask Force on the Environment
as well as its Social Responsibilities Roundtable with
its "Green Notes" publication [http://www.ala.org/alaorg/rtables/srrt/greenotes/greenotes.html],
can help. Not to be outdone, the Special Libraries Association
(SLA) has an active Environmental Resources Management
Division (ERMD), with a Web site [http://www.sla.org/division/derm/index.html].
ERMD maintains a discussion group open to non-members [email@example.com].
See Table 2,"
Green Organizations: Associations Focused on Environmental Protection
and Conservation," above for more sites to check out.
Web sites that
market environmentally friendly products should probably be
included in this group of organizations. EcoMall [http://www.ecomall.com]
links to Earth-friendly apparel and home furnishings manufacturers
and retailers, food producers and markets, and travel and restaurant
advice. The site has a searchable GreenMagazine and maintains
a range of resources for children as well as adults. The Real
Goods catalog [http://www.realgoods.com/]
features "products for an ecologically sustainable future."
If you don't find what you need on either of these sites, try
one of the Web sites listed in Google's directory ("Category:
Shopping > Niche > Green Living") for additional sites.
friendly products, services, and standards will be covered in
greater detail in the next installment of this article. For
a sneak-peak at these types of Web sites, check out Green Home
is another relatively new industry, but growing at an extraordinary
rate. Many museums and environmental organizations sponsor such
tours. For an interesting list of tours arranged by subject
(e.g., birds, fish, habitats, etc.), take a look at the trips
listed on Wildthings.com [http://www.wildthings.com/environmental/environmental.html],
"resources for adventure travel, environmental, and extreme
sports." Some of the major travel portals and even the search
directories (e.g., Yahoo!) can assist you.
If you didn't
see your favorite environmental Web site mentioned here, stay
tuned. Much more to follow.