Who's Who: Key People in this Installment
This list does not include all the names mentioned by Carlos
Cuadra, Roger Summit, and Dick Kollin in their conversation. Please see the
printed article beginning on page 36 of the July/August issue, especially
under "Pioneers and Innovators," for additional people key to the development
Avram, Henriette D. 1965-1991: Held various positions
at the Library of Congress; in 1970, she was the key person who developed
the Machine Readable Cataloging (MARC) format for the exchange of bibliographic
data. MARC became the U.S. standard in 1971 and an international standard
(UNIMARC) in 1973.
Bilboul, Roger 1977: Started the publishing company,
Learned Information (now part of the VNU group) and created the first International
Online (now called Online Information) meeting in London. Currently Chairman
of the Board, Information Today, Inc.
Bourne, Charles 1977-1992: Vice President, General
Information Division, Dialog Information Services.
Brownson, Helen Originally a secretary to Vannevar
Bush at MIT and later the Director, National Science Foundation, Office of
Scientific Information. Instrumental in funding information science projects,
including the Annual Review of Information Science and Technology (ARIST).
Burchinal, Lee 1965-1973: U.S. Office of Education;
developed the guiding principles for the ERIC Clearinghouses in 1966.
Cummings, Martin 1964-1984: Director, National Library
of Medicine (NLM).
Davis, Ruth 1967-1968: Associate Director, Research
and Development, National Library of Medicine (NLM). 1968-1970: Director,
Lister Hill National Center for Biomedical Communications. 1970-1977: Director,
Institute for Computer Sciences and Technology, National Bureau of Standards.
Day, Melvin Sherman 1946-1958: Atomic Energy Commission
(AEC) at Oak Ridge. 1960-1962: NASA. 1971: National Science Foundation (NSF).
1972: National Library of Medicine (NLM).
Egeland, Janet Worked with Irwin Pizer in the Biomedical
Communication Network (SUNY BCN); in 1976, with Ron Quake, turned the service
into the commercial Bibliographic Retrieval Services (BRS).
Garfield, Eugene 1960-1992: Founder, President, and
CEO, Institute for Scientific Information; currently Chairman Emeritus.
Giering, Richard 1967-1978: Data Corporation and Mead
Data Central (both part of the Mead Corporation). Designed and managed the
implementation of the first full-text, interactive database system, later
known as LexisNexis.
Gull, Cloyd Dake 1945-1952: Library of Congress (LC).
1947: First demonstrated the use of punched cards and machines to create
LC catalog cards. 1958-1963: Consultant, GE Information Systems Operations.
1964-1967: Professor, Library School, Indiana University. 1967-1968: Officer,
NLM Task Force on Automation. Died in 2003.
Hines, Theodore C. Taught library and information science
at Rutgers, Columbia University, and the University of North Carolina at
Greensboro; died in 1983.
Hlava, Marjorie 1978-date: Founder, President, and
Chairman, Access Innovations, Inc. Has published more than 200 articles and
books on natural language processing, machine translations, and machine aided
Hyams, Montague (Monty) 1951: Founded Derwent Information,
a patent documentation publishing company. Derwent World Patents Index database
was introduced in 1974, and in 1976, WPI became one of the first databases
on the SDC ORBIT service. In the early 1980s, WPI was added to Dialog and
Katter, Bob Head, ORBIT programming, Systems Development
Corporation (SDC). 1968-1970: co-developed the ELHILL retrieval system, which
provided access to the MEDLINE database.
Kilgour, Fred 1967-1980: Founder, President, and Executive
Director of Ohio College Library Center and later, Online Computer Library
Luhn, Hans Peter 1941-1961: worked at IBM. In 1958,
Luhn's interest in applying machines to literature data processing led to
his development of Key Word in Context (KWIC) indexing and Selective Dissemination
of Information (SDI). Died in 1964.
McCarn, Davis In a career beginning in 1967 at the
National Library of Medicine (NLM), McCarn managed the development of MEDLINE
and designed Grateful Med. Died in 2000.
Mooers, Calvin Work on the classification of scientific
information led to his invention, in 1947, of Zatocoding, an information
retrieval system using punch cards. In 1948, he coined the phrases "information
retrieval" and "descriptors" to describe his work. Died in 1994.
Pemberton, Jeffery K. 1970-1975: Marketing Manager,
New York Times Information Bank. 1976-2002: Co-founder (with his wife Jenny)
and President of Online, Inc., publisher of ONLINE and DATABASE (now EContent)
magazines. Organized first (1979) ONLINE conference held in U.S., held subsequently
each year in the autumn through 2000.
Pizer, Irwin As Director, SUNY Health Sciences Library,
in 1968, began the SUNY Biomedical Communication Network (SUNY BCN), which
evolved into the commercial system, Bibliographic Retrieval Services (BRS).
Quake, Ron With Jan Egeland in 1976, commercialized
the SUNY Biomedical Communication Network (SUNY BCN) into Bibliographic Retrieval
Roberts, Lawrence From 1966, led the design and development
of ARPANET. 1973-1980: Founder and CEO, Telenet, the first packet-switching
Rubin, Jerome (Jerry) 1970-1971: Executive Vice President,
Mead Data Central. 1971-1981: President, Mead Data Central, owner of LexisNexis.
Taube, Mortimer 1947-1949: Chief, Science and Technology,
Library of Congress. 1952: Founded company, Documentation, Inc. Established
the COSATI system for technical reports. Proposed the Uniterm Indexing System,
in which documents could be represented by a term from the title or abstract
of a document, versus indexing and subject terms, to describe the content
of a document. Died in 1965.
Williams, Martha 1957-1972: IIT Research Institute
(established fee-based, batch computer search services in 1968). 1972-1999:
Director, Information Retrieval Research Lab, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
1974-date: Professor, Graduate School of Library and Information Science,
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 1976-1989: Editor-in-chief, Computer-Readable
Databases Directory and Data Sourcebook. 1976-2001: Editor, Annual Review
of Information Science and Technology (ARIST). 1980-2001: Program Chairman,
National Online Meeting, sponsored by Information Today and held in New York
City each spring.
Wente, Van 1960s: Directed systems development for
Melvin Day at NASA, designing the strategy for the online retrieval system,
Wolpert, Sam Founder and developer of the Predicasts
system of indexing and the PROMT database.
Zurkowski, Paul Founded the Information Industry Association
(IIA) in 1968 and served as President from 1972-1989.