|The California Digital
Library Opens the eScholarship Repository for Working Papers
The California Digital
Library has announced the launch of a Web site and associated digital services
to store and distribute academic research results and working papers. The
eScholarship Repository (http://repositories.cdlib.org) includes a set
of author and reader services for the rapid dissemination of scholarship
authored or sponsored by faculty from the University of California. Its
initial focus will be on working papers from the humanities and social
Built in partnership with
the Berkeley Electronic Press (bepress), the tools behind the eScholarship
Repository improve the speed and efficiency of sharing the results of scholarly
efforts. For participating scholars, publishing working papers is greatly
streamlined. At no charge, researchers can search and view relevant research
by topic, author, or sponsoring research department. The system also allows
users to sign up for a service that alerts them to new content in their
specific areas of interest. In addition, the eScholarship Repository enables
reliable tracking of the evolution of a work by maintaining links and citations
for previous or later versions of any material posted.
Source: California Digital
Library, University of California, Oakland, CA, 510/987-0425; http://www.cdlib.org.
EBSCO Switches to New
EBSCO has announced that
its new EBSCOhost Electronic Journals Service (EJS) has replaced
the EBSCO Online service.
A comprehensive gateway
to electronic journals, the EBSCOhost Electronic Journals Service
offers customers two versions: a Basic and an Enhanced version. The Basic
service is offered to EBSCO Subscription Services customers at no additional
charge and allows users to search and access electronic journals that the
library subscribes to through EBSCO.
The Enhanced e-journals
service, which carries a small annual fee, provides an end-user portal
to more than 8,000 e-journals (all with durable URLs), comprehensive linking
support to more than 10,000 e-journals, pay-per-view article purchasing,
and alerting services. Access to e-journal packages and titles not purchased
through EBSCO can be consolidated through the service. The Enhanced service
also offers a suite of administrative tools. Add-ons include custom branding
and enhanced usage reporting that enables custom analysis of an e-journal
Source: EBSCO Subscription
Services, Birmingham, AL, 800/554-7149; http://www.ebsco.com.
Online Information Conference
The Online Information
2002 conference and exhibition will be held from December 35, 2002,
in the Olympia Grand Hall in London.
Online Information brings
together hundreds of companies exhibiting information resources, together
with solutions for information management, knowledge exchange, e-publishing,
intranets, and extranets. At the Online Information conference, which runs
in parallel to the exhibition, online industry commentators, consultants,
professionals, academics, and key vendors will explore major issues that
shape the industry, determine key trends, and predict developments for
For further information,
contact Learned Information at 011-44-1865-388000 or visit the Online Information
Web site: http://www.online-information.co.uk.
Source: Learned Information,
Ltd., Oxford, U.K., 011-44-1932-730-746; http://www.learned.co.uk.
ITI Releases Programs
for Fall Conferences
Information Today, Inc.
(ITI) has announced that programming for the KMWorld & Intranets 2002
conferences is now available at http://www.kmworld-intranets.com. The conferences,
which are dedicated to knowledge management, intranets, and portals, will
take place October 2931, 2002, at the Santa Clara Convention Center
in Santa Clara, California.
ITI has also announced that
the program is now available for the Internet Librarian conference at http://www.infotoday.com/
il2002. Now in its sixth
year, the conference is designed for information professionals who are
using, developing, and embracing Internet and Web-based strategies in their
roles as information searchers, guides, Webmasters and Web managers, content
evaluators and organizers, product developers, and more. It will feature
four simultaneous tracks: Navigating the Net, Intranet & Portal Applications,
E-Content & E-Skills, and Web World. Internet Librarian will be held
November 46, 2002, at the Palm Springs Convention Center in Palm Springs,
Source: Information Today,
Inc., Medford, NJ, 800/300-9868, 609/654-6266; http://www.infotoday.com.
Net Snippets 2.0
4Developers, LLC has announced
Net Snippets 2.0, a Web research software product that enables information
specialists, researchers, and individuals who rely heavily on the Internet
for information to save, manage, and publish their findings.
Instead of just using copy-and-paste
functions, printing entire Web pages, or bookmarking, Net Snippets provides
users with a unique working environment that consists of a menu of research
tools inside the Web browser. Net Snippets allows users to save specific
information (text and images), rather than entire Web pages, by selecting
the relevant information using the mouse and dragging it to the Net Snippets
environment. These information clips, called Snippets, are saved locally
on the user's computer and can be edited at any time using familiar editing
tools. Users can organize their Snippets in hierarchical folders and browse
through them without leaving their browsers, online or off.
Along with every saved Snippet,
the software automatically saves important bibliography information, including
the original Web address, comments inserted by the user, and the date and
time the information was found. Users can search through Snippets using
a built-in search engine and can generate bibliography reports using the
product's Report Generator. Net Snippets also supports information sharing
Net Snippets runs on Windows
95/98/ME/NT4/2000/XP and requires Internet Explorer 5.0 or above. The software
can be purchased directly from the 4Developers Web site or by contacting
firstname.lastname@example.org. A 30-day trial version is also available on the company's
Source: 4Developers, LLC,
Sunnyvale, CA; http://www.4dev.com.
Alacra Book Offers New
'Pay Per Book' Pricing
Alacra, a provider of business
and financial information, has announced the new "Pay Per Book" pricing
option for Alacra Book, an online service that aggregates company-specific
information from multiple sources and publishes this information in a single,
The "Pay Per Book" pricing
model will allow Alacra customers to pay for individual books—a set fee
plus the cost of the content used. This option also facilitates bill-back
capabilities, enabling company researchers to assign project or other cost
codes to specific clients or to departments within firms. With the new
pricing model, Alacra can now offer the Alacra Book service to smaller
organizations. Key features of the service include Internet and intranet
accessibility, more than 20 premium sources, electronic delivery in less
than 10 minutes, and coverage of more than 30,000 global public companies.
The only requirements for use are a standard Web browser and Adobe Acrobat.
Source: Alacra, New York,
Inmagic Upgrades BiblioTech
Inmagic, Inc. has announced
the release of BiblioTech PRO 2.4, an enterprisewide integrated library
system (ILS). BiblioTech PRO 2.4 features customizable keyword, multi-field,
and document/report number search windows, with an option to add all or
selected citations to new or pre-existing bibliographies.
Systemwide features of BiblioTech
PRO 2.4 include support for the Euro as currency, multiple recipients for
e-mail messages, record update, and an increase in Dewey number maximum
length to 50. Also, when a record is saved or a function is exited, the
Global Index is updated. New features of the thesaurus include a check
for pre-existing terms before a relationship between terms is added, and
removal of extraneous characters from catalog record indexes when provisional
terms are deleted.
Source: Inmagic, Inc., Woburn,
MA, 800/229-8398, 781/938-4442; http://www.inmagic.com.
Endeavor Makes Interface
for ENCompass and Blackboard, Releases ENCompass 2.0
Endeavor Information Systems
has announced the development of an interface between the ENCompass system
for managing, searching, and linking diverse collections and the Blackboard
Learning System. According to the announcement, this interaction makes
it easy for faculty to provide quality library resources as part of their
online course settings.
The combined interface assists
faculty in course creation and gives students single log on access to learning
resources and tools. Instructors can locate all resources on a topic, whether
in a remote commercial database, a print book in the library, or a librarian-qualified
Web site. They can search the library's digital content and "collect" this
information within their course materials using the Blackboard Learning
System. Also, faculty members can create predefined ENCompass searches
for students and select documents, images, and other digital information
to be used as course content.
In a separate announcement,
the company reports that ENCompass 2.0 is now commercially available. The
new version features multiprotocol (Z39.50, XML, and http) searching across
resources, OpenURL-syntax support, fully customizable XSLT for the user
interface, and increased navigation.
or "federated," searching increases the number of resources that can be
accessed in a single search (for example, important resources that are
not Z39.50-enabled such as publisher sites, e-book sites, and popular noncommercial
Source: Endeavor Information
Systems, Des Plaines, IL, 800/762-6300, 847/296-2200; http://www.endinfosys.com.
SMART Technologies Releases
SynchronEyes 3.0 Computer Lab Instruction Software
SMART Technologies, Inc.
has announced SynchronEyes 3.0 computer lab instruction software for the
Microsoft Windows operating system. This new version delivers increased
operating speed and new interactive features.
SynchronEyes uses an existing
TCP/IP network to create a focused learning environment where up to 80
student workstations can be monitored and controlled from the instructor's
computer. The software displays thumbnail images of all students' screens
on the instructor's desktop so he can monitor each student's progress.
If several students need help, the instructor can broadcast his (or any
student's) screen to the entire class or to a specific group. To focus
attention, the instructor can blank all student screens and lock mice and
keyboards. Now with version 3.0, instructors can deliver interactive polls
and multiple-choice quizzes, and the software will automatically compile
SynchronEyes 3.0 is $999
per computer lab or classroom.
Source: SMART Technologies,
Inc., Calgary, AB, Canada, 888/42-SMART, 403/245-0333; http://www.smarttech.com.
Virtua ILS Is First to
Support FRBR Model
VTLS, Inc. has announced
that the newest release of Virtua ILS is currently the only commercially
available integrated library system (ILS) to support the IFLA Functional
Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR). The FRBR model is the latest
development in cataloging practice, which is designed to serve as a conceptual
framework for systems that share and use bibliographic data, nationally
According to the announcement,
present cataloging practices do not support "linked hierarchic metadata
records," making it difficult to catalog certain types of materials. The
FRBR model is designed to address these difficulties. The basic FRBR record
consists of three entities—work, expression, and manifestation. Using the
FRBR model, librarians do not have to re-catalog the entire work again,
for example, for different performances of a piece of music or for different
manifestations of the same performance. Instead, FRBR allows the new performance
to be cataloged separately and linked to a previously cataloged work. This
hierarchic relationship can exist in other material types, such as printed
materials with different editions or language versions.
In implementing FRBR, VTLS
has created an environment in which records in the FRBR model and records
in the traditional catalog can co-exist in the same database. This allows
libraries to ease into using the FRBR model without undertaking massive
Source: VTLS, Inc., Blacksburg,
VA, 800/468-8857, 540/557-1200; http://www.vtls.com.
OCLC Offers CONTENTdm
Software Suite to Help Libraries Develop Collections
OCLC Digital & Preservation
Resources is now offering the CONTENTdm Software Suite as a complete solution
for libraries that are developing online digital collections to provide
preservation and access to special collections.
Already supporting hundreds
of collections, CONTENTdm provides tools for all aspects of digital collection
management. The suite, which has been developed in collaboration with archivists
and library professionals, has the ability to handle virtually all media
types—photographs, slides, maps, yearbooks, fully transcribed diaries,
rare books, audio and video clips, postcards, and other assets—that are
accessible via a Web browser.
Organizations that want
to implement CONTENTdm collections may either purchase a direct license
to install software on their own servers or take advantage of OCLC's new
hosted offering of CONTENTdm as a member of the OCLC Digital and Preservation
Cooperative. The hosted version provides full software functionality, while
operating from OCLC's server. Co-op participants come together to share
knowledge and to increase the value of digital collections by combining
them with other collections, and members are eligible to receive an OCLC
CONTENTdm 500-image Starter Kit.
Source: OCLC, Dublin, OH,
800/848-5878, 614/764-6000; http://www.oclc.org.
National Yiddish Book
Center Opens the Steven Spielberg Digital Yiddish Library
The National Yiddish Book
Center has announced the launch of the Steven Spielberg Digital Yiddish
Library on the Web. With lead gifts from Spielberg, Intel pioneer Max Palevsky,
and others, the $3.5 million project offers users on-demand reprints of
more than 12,000 Yiddish titles, most of which have been out of print for
50 years or more.
Users can log on to the
Spielberg Library's Web site (http://www.yiddishbooks.org)
and search the catalog by author, title, or keyword using the VTLS Chameleon
Web Gateway. All titles are cataloged both in the original Hebrew alphabet
and in the English transliteration according to Library of Congress standards.
Once books are selected and the checkout process is complete, the e-commerce
system automatically generates an e-mail to the production facility. There,
a digital printer taps into the center's database of stored facsimile images
and generates a brand-new paperbound copy on acid-free paper—usually in
3 minutes or less.
The Yiddish Book Center
is still actively collecting Yiddish books and expects to add several thousand
more titles to the Spielberg Library over the next several years. The center
is now working with the New York Public Library to digitize more than 800
yizkor books—rare Yiddish volumes chronicling Jewish communities destroyed
in the Holocaust.
Source: National Yiddish
Book Center, Amherst, MA, 413/256-4900; http://www.yiddishbookcenter.org.
Gale Embarks on New Digitization
Gale has announced plans
to publish a digital edition of The Eighteenth Century, the world's largest
library of the printed book. As a result, Gale reports that nearly 150,000
English-language titles published between 1701 and 1800 will be available
over the Web beginning in June 2003.
In cooperation with The
British Library, a variety of other research libraries, and the English
Short Title Catalogue committee, Gale will scan more than 12,000 reels
of microfilm, ultimately delivering 20 million text-searchable pages. Searching
will be supported by hit-term highlighting and downloadable MARC records.
Additional metadata, including the full text of title and content pages
and direct access to all illustrations, will also be available.
The Eighteenth Century—Complete
Digital Edition will be published in subject categories and released over
a 3-year period. The initial release of History and Geography is scheduled
for mid-2003. Modules of the complete database will be available to libraries
supporting study and research in specialized subject areas.
Source: Gale, Farmington
Hills, MI, 800/877-4253, 248/699-4253; http://www.gale.com.
ebrary Licensing Its
ebrary has announced that
it is extending the availability of its technology platform to libraries
and other organizations that need to distribute high-value documents over
Recently, the company licensed
its platform to Stanford University Libraries and Academic Resources, which
will use the system to ensure that reserves are available to students from
their desktops. Also, Octavo, which specializes in high-quality imaging
of rare books, will resell ebrary's platform to libraries that utilize
its services for a comprehensive digitization, archiving, and distribution
Currently available as an
ASP (a Web-based service hosted and maintained by ebrary), the company's
platform enables libraries to securely and cost-effectively distribute
high-demand reserves and special collections over the Internet. ebrary's
technology is based on Adobe PDF, so the documents retain their original
look and feel. The platform can be integrated with the company's existing
ebrarian for Libraries service.
Source: ebrary, Mountain
View, CA, 650/230-0700; http://www.ebrary.com.
ASCLA and HP Partner
on Assistive Stations
The Association of Specialized
and Cooperative Library Agencies (ASCLA) has announced a new partnership
with Hewlett-Packard (HP) called Library Technology Access, which will
help develop accessible computer workstation solutions for libraries nationwide.
These workstations will
be complete with assistive technology, Internet access, and training programs.
As a key part of this initiative, HP will donate a total of 12 workstations
to six libraries to demonstrate the solution. It will provide resources
to further expand the initial pilot to enable technology access for people
with disabilities within libraries across the nation.
More information about HP's
Accessibility Solutions program is available at http://www.hp.com/accessibility.
Source: Association of Specialized
and Cooperative Library Agencies, American Library Association, Chicago,
West Group Releases Access-Friendly
West Group has announced
the release of Westlaw Text Only (http://text.westlaw.com), a new text-only,
user-friendly Westlaw interface that optimizes the program for those using
assistive technology, such as screen readers, screen magnifiers, or voice-recognition
West Group reports that
Westlaw Text Only offers an intuitive, single-frame platform that has a
visually simple design, yet contains all the functionality users need for
effective legal research. According to the company, while the product is
designed for users of assistive technology, legal professionals who access
the Internet through a slower or low-bandwidth connection may also experience
Source: West Group, Eagan,
MN, 800/778-8090; http://www.westgroup.com.
Web Eyes Plug-In Enhances
ION Systems, Inc. has announced
the release of Web Eyes, an Internet Explorer browser plug-in that automatically
converts any Web page (your library's Web site and online catalog, for
example) into ION's patented on-screen reading interface that eliminates
scrolling and provides instant font resizing.
Web Eyes exceeds ADA and
Section 508 accessibility guidelines for visually impaired and dyslexic
users. The plug-in opens a second window, synchronized with the Web browser
window. Simple button clicks allow automatic font resizing (4 to 144 points),
instant page reformatting, comfortable page-turning control (with no scrolling),
and column formation.
The initial release of Web
Eyes works with Microsoft Internet Explorer (PC version 5.5 and above).
Web Eyes is licensed by domain for an annual registration fee based on
the number of site pages. The registered domain provides a link to the
free download of Web Eyes.
Source: ION Systems, Inc.,
Crystal City, MO, 636/937-9094; http://www.ionsystems.com.
Polaris Integrates Virtual
Gaylord Information Systems
(GIS) and Library Systems & Services (LSSI) have announced that Polaris
will be the first library automation system to integrate the functions
of the library's public access catalog with live reference service through
LSSI's Virtual Reference ToolKit.
According to Gaylord's vice
president of business development, integrating the two systems means that
if a patron's PAC search does not retrieve the expected results, the patron
will receive an automatic prompt to initiate a reference session. Prompts
will appear at appropriate points throughout the search to remind patrons
that reference help is readily available.
Patrons using Virtual Reference
ToolKit can choose to maintain with LSSI a history log of their reference
transactions. These logs can then be displayed within their Polaris patron
accounts, providing a single point of access to information: items checked
out, items on hold, fines and fees, and now open reference queries and
logs of completed reference questions and answers.
Source: Gaylord Information
Systems, Syracuse, NY, 800/272-3414, 315/457-5070; http://www.gaylord.com/
automation and Library Systems & Services, Germantown, MD, 800/638-8725,
Digi-Net and OhioLINK Partner to Create Virtual Reference Desk Software
Inc., a creator of messaging technology for e-commerce and community-building
applications, and the Ohio Library and Information Network (OhioLINK) have
partnered to create virtual reference desk software for Ohio's college
and university libraries.
Digi-Net has developed eLibrarian,
software technology that provides librarians with the ability to interact
with and assist patrons over the Web. Features include co-browsing, real-time
assistance, content push, reverse push (wherein patrons can send Web-accessible
content to the librarian), PatronScan (which allows library systems to
filter patrons depending upon school and particular interest), message
broadcasting, and entrance/exit surveys.
Source: Digi-Net Technologies,
Inc., Gainesville, FL, 877/404-2428, 352/333-3042; http://www.digi-net.com.
LSSI and Tutor.com Team
Up Their Services
Library Systems & Services
(LSSI) and Tutor.com have announced an alliance to integrate Tutor.com's
Live Homework Help, an online tutoring service, with the virtual reference
capabilities of LSSI's Virtual Reference ToolKit. This alliance will enable
e-reference librarians to aid students with their homework help questions
by passing them to expert tutors.
Live Homework Help is an
online tutoring service that connects 4th12th grade students with
expert tutors in math, science, social studies, and English via the Internet.
Students and tutors can review specific homework questions using features
such as controlled chat, an interactive white board, and shared Web browsing.
LSSI's Virtual Reference ToolKit provides tools to guide clients through
online reference sessions without software set-ups or downloads. Now, LSSI's
clients can purchase Live Homework Help and offer patrons a seamless service.
Libraries receive detailed
monthly reports including the number of students using the service, satisfaction
survey results, and student and tutor comments.
Source: Library Systems
& Services, Germantown, MD, 800/638-8725, 301/540-5100; http://www.lssi.com
and Tutor.com, New York, 212/528-3101; http://www.tutor.com.
epixtech Releases DigitaLink
epixtech has unveiled DigitaLink,
a digital library solution designed to create and manage digital content
for libraries of all types and sizes.
The primary components of
DigitaLink are its capabilities to create, store, and update metadata fields,
even from remote locations. Using epixtech's iPac technology, DigitaLink
gives patrons the ability to perform a consolidated search of print, electronic,
and digital collections. It also uses natural language searching and adaptive
The DigitaLink offering
also includes supplemental services such as digitization services, "Lite-Scanning,"
and data migration. Digitization services convert all types of hard copy
data into digital format. Lite-Scanning offers libraries the tools to scan,
enhance, and establish optical character recognition for new materials.
For libraries that already have established digital collections, DigitaLink's
data migration service transfers all types of digital records into DigitaLink-compatible
formats with Dublin Core metadata for each item.
Source: epixtech, Provo,
UT, 800/288-8020, 801/223-5200; http://www.epixtech.com.
ingenta to Offer E-Mail
ingenta has announced its
new suite of e-mail alerting services for both library and individual use.
Scheduled to have launched in July, the suite of alerting services has
been designed to satisfy the level of flexibility, technical stability,
and comprehensive content administrators and researchers seek, according
to the company.
The products enable customized
notification on ingenta's collection of scholarly full text available online,
which includes millions of articles from more than 26,000 publications,
together with 5,400 full-text online journals from 200 scholarly and professional
publishers. The suite's flexibility allows administrators and patrons to
highly customize the types of e-mail alerts they receive. Customizable
characteristics include preferred delivery format, search strategies, and
journal title selection. Services available include Table of Contents Alerting,
Table of Contents Redistribution (receipts of table of contents alerts
for specific titles that administrators can redistribute to select groups
or individual patrons), and Saved Search Alerting. Additionally, custom
solutions are in development, such as the bulk delivery of table of contents
information to libraries wanting to enhance their catalogs and other Web
resources, with direct links back to the electronic full text.
Alerts relating to paper
content are delivered by e-mail in plain text, while alerts for electronic
content are delivered by e-mail in plain text, HTML, and Procite- or EndNote-compatible
Source: ingenta, Inc., Cambridge,
MA, 617/395-4000; http://www.ingenta.com.
CASPR Offers Information
CASPR has announced the
creation of iLibraries and LibraryWire, which represent a new approach
to sharing library information over the Internet.
iLibraries is a software
program that enables individuals to search for and share catalog records
and digital files with anyone on the Internet. iLibraries is written in
Java and will run on Windows, Macintosh, Linux, Sun, and other platforms.
LibraryWire is a network
service that allows libraries to share information without central server
software. The application enables users to build and share catalog collections
(including holdings records and digital documents) with others using the
iLibraries program or a simple Web browser. The program can import and
export MARC records as well as XML documents. Records can be copied simply
by dragging the items with a mouse. No special Web server or other software
iLibraries can access a
library directly by IP address or through the LibraryWire network. CASPR
has placed its own copies of the Library of Congress collection on the
LibraryWire network so catalog records can be moved easily to local collections.
The iLibraries application
is currently available for download at http://www.ilibraries.com.
The program can be used for up to 30 days at no charge. Individual licenses
can be purchased for $195 per copy.
Source: CASPR Library Systems,
Inc., Saratoga, CA, 800/852-2777, 408/741-2320; http://www.caspr.com.
III to Create E-Resource
Management Module, Also Offers Portal Software as Stand-Alone
Inc. (III) has announced that it is developing an Electronic Resource Management
module, which will solve the problem of libraries having to create local
control mechanisms for managing licensed resources such as e-journals,
abstracting-and-indexing databases, and full-text databases.
Electronic Resource Management
is being developed in partnership with the University of Washington, a
member of the Association of Research Libraries. Fully integrated with
III's Millennium system or available as a stand-alone product, Electronic
Resource Management will enable libraries to keep track of their e-journal
licensing and purchasing details using a single interface, which streamlines
work flows and eliminates the need to maintain separate databases.
In other news from Innovative,
the company has begun to offer its portal software, Millennium Access Plus
(MAP), as a stand-alone product.
MAP is a portal solution
that manages access to online information sources, and is made up of three
modules: WebBridge, MetaFind, and Web Access Management. Also, III has
announced the introduction of MAP's WebBridge resolution server, which
in addition to linking from the Millennium system to external resources,
accepts incoming connections from a resource outside the system and returns
an appropriate set of matches based on metadata passed to the resolution
server. A WebBridge knowledge database will also be available, which includes
a user-friendly interface for managing and adding resources.
Source: Innovative Interfaces,
Inc., Emeryville, CA, 510/655-6200; http://www.iii.com.
ebrarian Service Receives
ebrary has announced significant
enhancements to its ebrarian for Libraries service in the areas of content
and pricing. ebrarian is a Web-based service that enables libraries to
provide their patrons with unlimited, multiuser access to a growing collection
of more than 7,500 books and other documents from 115 publishers and academic
presses, plus advanced research capabilities. ebrarian integrates with
libraries' existing OPACs and other digital resources, and ebrary provides
MARC records for documents in its repository.
The Library of Congress,
The Bancroft Library at the University of CaliforniaBerkeley, the
University of Utah Willard Marriott Library, Getty Images, Octavo, and
Maps.com are distributing their publications, digitized archival works,
images, and maps through ebrary.
ebrary charges an annual
license fee for its service based on FTE/population served and library
type. In addition, the company now offers two payment models for print/copy
transactions: 1) Libraries can choose ebrary's all-encompassing pricing
model, where their flat fee covers unlimited print/copy transactions, or
2) libraries can choose to have patrons set up individual accounts with
ebrary and pay for their own print/copy transactions. The average cost
per transaction is 15 cents to 50 cents per page.
Source: ebrary, Mountain
View, CA, 650/230-0700; http://www.ebrary.com.